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Martinsburg

  •   State: 
    West Virginia
      County: 
    Berkeley County
      City: 
    Martinsburg
      County FIPS: 
    54003
      Coordinates: 
    39°27′33″N 77°58′4″W
      Area total: 
    6.65 sq mi
      Area land: 
    6.63 sq mi (17.17 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.02 sq mi (0.04 km²)
      Elevation: 
    453 ft (138 m)
  •   Latitude: 
    39,4566
      Longitude: 
    -77,9658
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    25401
    25402
    25403
    25404
    25405
      GMAP: 

    Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia, United States

  •   Population: 
    18,773
      Population density: 
    2,632.18 residents per square mile of area (1,016.31/km²)
      Household income: 
    $37,951
      Households: 
    7,617
      Unemployment rate: 
    8.40%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.00%
      Income taxes: 
    6.50%

Martinsburg is a city in and the seat of Berkeley County, West Virginia, in the tip of the state's Eastern Panhandle region in the lower Shenandoah Valley. Its population was 18,835 in the 2021 census estimate, making it the largest city in the Eastern Pan Handle and the sixth-largest municipality in the state. Aspen Hall, a Georgian mansion, is the oldest house in the city and part was built in 1745 by Edward Beeson, Sr. Significant events related to the French and Indian War, the Revolution, and the Civil War took place on the property. The first United States post office in what is now West Virginia was established at Martinsburg in 1792. In 1854, ten-year-old Isabelle Boyd, known as "Belle" and later a noted spy for the Confederacy, moved to Martinsberg with her family; where her father Benjamin operated a general merchandise store. In 1863, Belle was arrested by the Union Army and imprisoned. In 1992 it was purchased by the Berkeley County Historical Society. The historical society renovated the building and now operates it as thekeley County Museum. It is also known as the Belle Boyd House. The Apollo Theatre was completed in 1913. In 1889, electricity began to be furnished to the city as part of a franchise granted to the United Manufacturing Company of New York. The city was incorporated by an act of the West Virginia Legislature on July 30, 1868. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinssburg Shops were constructed in 1849 and rebuilt after the American Civil War.

History

Martinsburg was established by an act of the Virginia General Assembly that was adopted in December 1778 during the American Revolutionary War. The first United States post office in what is now West Virginia was established at Martinsburg in 1792. Aspen Hall, a Georgian mansion, is the oldest house in the city and was built in 1745 by Edward Beeson, Sr. In 1854, ten-year-old Isabelle Boyd, known as "Belle" and later a noted spy for the Confederacy, moved to Martinsberg with her family; where her father operated a general merchandise store. After the Civil War began, Benjamin joined the Second Virginia Infantry, which was part of the Stonewall Brigade. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began July 14, 1877, in this city at the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Martinssburg Shops. In 1889, electricity began to be furnished to the United Edison Company of New York. The Apollo Civic Civic Theatre was completed in 1913. Over one thousand soldiers from Berkeley County participated in World War I (1,039) and twenty-one were wounded in battle. A monument to those who fell in battle in battle was erected in 1925. In 1946, this military hospital became a military hospital of the Veterans Administration (VA Veterans Administration) In this city, thousands of wounded soldiers were treated in the D.C. VA Hospital in Richmond, Virginia. The city is home to the Berkeley County Historical Society, which now operates the Belle Boyd House as a museum.

Geography

Martinsburg is located at 39°2733N 77°584W (39.459207, 77.967814). It is approximately 18 miles (29 km) southwest of Hagerstown, 73 miles (117 km) west of Baltimore, 63 miles (101 km) northwest of Washington, D.C., and 134 miles (216 km) east of Morgantown. U.S. Route 11 runs through the center of town, and Interstate 81 passes along the northern side of the town. The city has a total area of 6.67 square miles (17.28 km²), of which 6.65 square miles is land and 0.02 square mile (0.05 km²) is water. It is 212 miles (341 km) distant from the state capital of Charleston, but closer to Harrisburg PA, Annapolis MD, Dover DE, Richmond VA, and Trenton NJ. It lies in the transitional area between humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) and humid continental climatic zones. It has four distinct seasons, with a January daily mean temperature of 32.4 °F (0.2 °C) and an average annual snowfall of 26.1 inches (66 cm) summers are hot and humid with a July daily mean Temperature of 75.7°F (24.3°C) and 27 days of 90 °C (32 °C+) readings annually. Extreme temperatures at Eastern West Virginia Regional Airport range from 18 °F on January 21, 1994, up to 112 °C on July 11, 1936; an even colder 19 °C was recorded in the city on January 14, 1912.

Demographics

As of the census of 2020, there were 18,777 people residing in the city, living in 7,179 total households. The median household income (in 2019 dollars) was $42,835. The per capita income was $24,970. 88.5% of households had a computer, with 77.9% having access to broadband internet. The racial makeup of the city was 79.9%, with 3.1% two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 4.8% of the population. The city has a population of 14,972, with 7,432 housing units. The population was 77.5%, with 2.7% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, and 2.2% from other races. In 2010, 17,227 people, 7,293 households, and 4,106 families were living in the City. The average household size was 2.21, and the average family size was 3.00. The City has a median age of 37 years, with the average population of 37.4 years. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the city's population is 14,777, with 6,684 households. It has a poverty rate of 29.5%. The city is home to one of the largest concentrations of African Americans in the United States. It is also home to the largest concentration of Native Americans in North America, with 1.4% of its population living in Native American.

Commerce

Major private employers in and around Martinsburg include Quad/Graphics, Ecolab, Orgill, Macy's, and FedEx. In February 2015, it was announced that Procter & Gamble planned to build a $500 million facility near the city. The city also has numerous federal government employers, including the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), U.S. Coast Guard National Maritime Center, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives. The area is also home to the 167th Airlift Wing of the West Virginia Air National Guard, based in Eastern WV Regional Airport.Martinsburg had its own automobile company from 1912 to 1922, called Norwalk, which assembled the longest-made known cars to be built in the state of West Virginia. The IRS Facility processes most of the country's electronically filed tax documents from businesses, and about one-third of electronically filed returns. The Martinsberg VA Medical Center is one of the two Enterprise Computing Centers of the IRS (the other is in Memphis, Tennessee). The city is home to a number of military bases, including West Virginia Army National Guard outposts and the Virginia Army and Marine Corps Air Station, which is based in the town of Morgantown. It is also the home of the National Guard's C5ISC-Kearneysville, which processes the majority of electronic tax returns in the United States. The town has a population of about 3,000. It was the site of the World War I Battle of the Bulge, which was fought from 1871 to 1883.

Sports

Hack Wilson played for the Martinsburg Blue Sox, a low-level minor-league baseball team. Wilson would go on to set the yet-to-be-broken major league record for RBI in a season (191) with the Chicago Cubs in 1930. He later moved to Baltimore in 1941 where he later died November 23, 1948. Originally scheduled to be interred in Baltimore, Wilson was buried in a donated plot in Martinsberg, Pennsylvania. He was buried in a plot donated by the town's Chamber of Commerce, which was established in his honor in the 1930s. He is survived by his wife, two children and a son-in-law. He died in Baltimore in 1948; he is buried in Baltimore's Mount Calvary Cemetery, where he was buried with his wife and two children in the town of Martinburg, Pennsylvania, on November 24, 1948, at the age of 80. He also had a son, Jack, who was a professional baseball player and a pool hall owner in the same town. He had a daughter, Barbara, who is now a professional pool player and owner of her own pool hall in the city of Martinsburger, North Carolina. She is also buried in Martinsburg, South Carolina, where she is buried with her father-in law, Jack. She died in 2007 at age 80 and is buried at the same place as her father, in the town of Martinburg.

Healthcare

Berkeley Medical Center (formerly WVUH-East City Hospital and City Hospital)Veterans Affairs Medical Center is located in Berkeley, West Virginia. Berkeley Medical Center was founded in 1903 and is the oldest hospital in the state. It was named after the city of Berkeley, where it was founded. The hospital is home to the U.S. Army's 1st Medical Center, which opened in 1903. It is also known as the birthplace of West Virginia's first hospital, Berkeley City Hospital, and the University of Virginia's Medical School. It has been named after Berkeley City in West Virginia, which was established in 1876. It also has been known as West Virginia University Hospital and East City Hospital for more than 100 years. It's now called the Berkeley Medical Centre and is located on the campus of the University of West Virginia and the College of Arts and Sciences. It opened its doors in 1903, and has been called the "birthplace of West Vermont hospital and healthcare" since. It was founded by George W. Berkeley, who was a physician and surgeon. The Berkeley Medical Center is located in the heart of the city. The campus is home to several hospitals, including the University of West Virginia and the College of Pharmacy and Dentistry, which were founded in 1881. The University of West Virginia also has its own hospital, the College of Pharmacy and Dentistry and other medical facilities.

Shopping

Retail centers/areas in Martinsburg include: Foxcroft Towne Center, The Commons Shopping Center, Old Courthouse Square, Apple Harvest Drive and North Queen Street. There was originally a shopping mall there, but it shut down in late 2016. Other shopping areas in the city are the Berkeley Plaza on Williamsport Pike, Martinsberg Plaza on Winchester Ave, and Meadow Lane Plaza on Meadow Lane. The city is located on the Pennsylvania Turnpike, which connects to Pennsylvania's Eastern Seaboard and West Virginia's West Virginia Panhandle. It has a population of about 3,000 people, according to the city's 2010 census. It is located in the eastern part of the state, near the border with West Virginia and Pennsylvania's Allegheny County. The town's population is about 2,500 people, and it is in the state's eastern part, near Pennsylvania's western border and the Allegheny River. It's near the Pennsylvania-West Virginia border, which is about 20 miles from the state capital of Pittsburgh. It also is near the West Virginia-Pennsylvania state line, about 30 miles from Pennsylvania's eastern border. The state's largest city is Pittsburgh, with a population in the region of 3,200 people, or 1.2 million people. The largest city in the U.S. is Pennsylvania, with about 2.4 million people, including 1.3 million people in West Virginia, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. The population of Martinsburgh, Pennsylvania, is about 1,800.

Education

The Martinsburg area is home to a number of private and public schools. The town is also home to several colleges and a Catholic school. The area's high schools and middle schools are located in the town of Martinsburg. The city's colleges and universities are located near the town's downtown area and in the surrounding counties. The Martinsburys have a population of more than 2,000 people, according to the 2010 census. The school district has a total enrollment of about 2,200 people, with more than 1,000 students in elementary and intermediate schools and about 1,200 in high schools. It also has a high school, a middle school, and a junior high. The district's high school is located at the base of Mount Washington, which is a popular destination for young people. The high school's junior and senior high schools are at the top of the school's list of schools, with a total population of around 1,100. The middle school is at the bottom of the list, with only a handful of students in the middle school and high school levels. It is the only school in the area that is part of the Catholic school system, which has been in operation since the 1970s. The state's colleges are at a total of nine schools, including two Catholic schools and two private colleges. The community's colleges have a total student population of about 3,000. The county's colleges include: Blue Ridge Community and Technical College, Martinsberg, and Shepherd University-Martinsberg.

Transportation

I-81 is the main northsouth highway through the region. U.S. Route 11 serves as a local service road to I-81. The main highway serving regional eastwest travel is West Virginia Route 9. Amtrak provides service to Martinsburg on its Washington-Chicago Capitol Limited route. MARC, Maryland's commuter rail system, operates trains on weekdays on its Brunswick Line. Service is provided to Union Station in Washington, D.C. The closest airport with commercial air service is Hagerstown Regional Airport, that is about 25 miles (40 km) driving distance north. The nearest international airport is Washington Dulles International Airport, which is about 60 miles (97 km) east.Eastern WV Regional Airport handles general aviation and Shepherd Field Air National Guard Base is located at this airport. WV 45 extends westward into rural areas of western Berkeley County, and continues eastward to Shepherdstown. The Eastern Panhandle Transit Authority (EPTA) operates public bus transit routes in Martinsberg, surrounding Berkeley County and neighboring Jefferson County, West Virginia. The city's passenger rail station is located downtown at 229 East Martin Street. It is located in the eastern part of the city, on the eastern edge of Berkeley County. The town is home to the West Virginia College of Applied Sciences, which offers classes in business, technology, and finance. The college's business school is located on the western edge of the town, in the western part of Berkeley county. It has a business school on the southwestern edge of Jefferson County. It also has a college of business and technology on the east side of the county.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia = 36.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 98. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Martinsburg = 3.9 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 18,773 individuals with a median age of 36.1 age the population grows by 12.60% in Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,632.18 residents per square mile of area (1,016.31/km²). There are average 2.18 people per household in the 7,617 households with an average household income of $37,951 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.40% of the available work force and has dropped -4.84% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.92%. The number of physicians in Martinsburg per 100,000 population = 135.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Martinsburg = 38 inches and the annual snowfall = 26.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 117. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 198. 88 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia which are owned by the occupant = 44.99%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 46 years with median home cost = $114,440 and home appreciation of -12.45%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $5.90 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,323 per student. There are 15.4 students for each teacher in the school, 653 students for each Librarian and 167 students for each Counselor. 4.70% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 10.07% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 4.81% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Martinsburg's population in Berkeley County, West Virginia of 7,564 residents in 1900 has increased 2,48-fold to 18,773 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.61% female residents and 48.39% male residents live in Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia.

    As of 2020 in Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia are married and the remaining 52.30% are single population.

  • 24.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Martinsburg require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    73.77% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 16.83% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.53% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 0.98% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia, 44.99% are owner-occupied homes, another 45.48% are rented apartments, and the remaining 9.53% are vacant.

  • The 32.80% of the population in Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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