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City of Eugene

  •   State: 
    Lane County
      County FIPS: 
    44°03′07″N 123°05′12″W
      Area total: 
    44.21 sq mi
      Area land: 
    44.22 sq mi (114.52 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.07 sq mi (0.18 km²)
    430 ft (131 m)
    1846; Incorporated October 17, 1862
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Eugene-Springfield, OR
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Eugene, Lane County, Oregon, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    3,995.07 residents per square mile of area (1,542.50/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Income taxes: 

Eugene is a city in the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2020 United States Census, Eugene had a population of 176,654 and covers city area of 44.21 sq mi (114.50 sq km). Eugene is the seat of Lane County and the state's second largest city after Portland. The city is noted for its natural environment, recreational opportunities (especially bicycling, running/jogging, rafting, and kayaking), and focus on the arts. It is also referred to as the "Emerald City" and as "Track Town, USA". The Nike corporation had its beginnings in Eugene. The first people to settle in the Eugene area were known as the Kalapuyans, also written Calapooia or Calapooya. In the 1800s their traditional way of life faced significant changes due to devastating epidemics and settlement, first by French fur traders and later by an overwhelming number of American settlers. In July 2022, the city hosted the 18th Track and Field World Championships. The Eugene-Springfield metropolitan statistical area is the 146th largest in the United States and the third largest in Oregon behind those of Portland and Salem. In 2022, Eugene's population was estimated to have reached 179,887. It was the first state to become the state of his first recorded event of the Pestilence epidemic. In 1841, Eugene was the site of the first recorded state of the coming of the Spirit event of Pestillence.


Eugene is the primary city name, but also Coburg are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Eugene. The first people to settle in the Eugene area were known as the Kalapuyans, also written Calapooia or Calapooya. In the 1800s their traditional way of life faced significant changes due to devastating epidemics and settlement, first by French fur traders and later by an overwhelming number of American settlers. The first major educational institution in the area was Columbia College, founded a few years earlier than the University of Oregon. Eugene was incorporated as a city in 1862, it was simply named Eugene in 1889, and it was named after Eugene Franklin Skinner, after whom Eugene is named. It is now known as Butte's Butte, but it was known by the time the settlement was established as an official post office as Anglos' Mudhole's Mudhole in 1853. It fell victim to two major fires in four years, the second of which was a major fire in 1858. It was relocated in 1859 and named Eugene City after the city's first post office, which was moved to the site of the present-day Butte College in 1881. The city's name was changed to Eugene in 1883, and the city was officially incorporated as Eugene in 1862. The Eugene area was known as Chifin, sometimes recorded as "Chafin" or "Chiffin" by the locals. Other Kalapuyan tribes occupied villages that are also now within Eugene city limits, including the Pee-you or Mohawk Kalapooians, Winefelly and the Lungtum.


Eugene has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csb) Temperatures can vary from cool to warm, with warm, dry summers and cool, wet winters. The average annual rainfall is 40.83 inches (1,040 mm) The record snowfall was 41.7 inches (106 cm) of accumulation due to a pineapple express on January 2529, 1969. Ice storms, like snowfall, are rare, but occur sporadically. Eugene's average annual temperature is 53.1 °F (11.7 °C), and annual precipitation at 40.3 inches. The hottest months are July and August, with a normal monthly mean mean of 67.9 °C. The coldest daytime high of the year averages 32 °C (0 °F), reaching the freezing point. Eugene is slightly cooler on average than Portland (160 km) south and at an only slightly higher elevation, less subject to the maritime air that blows inland from the Pacific Ocean via the Columbia River. Average winter temperatures are similar for Eugene and Portland, respectively, from 12.4 °C to 12.6 °C, with an average of 16 days per year reaching 90 °F (32 °C) The coolest month is December, with the mean temperature of 40.6°F (4.8°C) and there are 52 mornings per year with a low at or below freezing, and 2 afternoons with highs not exceeding the freezing mark.


According to the 2010 census, Eugene's population was 156,185. Those age 18 and over accounted for 81.8% of the total population. The racial makeup of the city was 88.15% White, down from 99.5% in 1950, 3.57% Asian, 1.25% Black or African American, 0.93% Native American,0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.18% from other races, and 3.72% from two or more races. The median income for a household in the city is $35,850 and for a family is $48,527. About 8.7% of families and 17.1%. of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8%. of those under 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over. In the city, the population was 20.3% under the age of 18, 17.3%. from 18 to 24, 28.5%. from 25 to 44, 21.8! from 45 to 64, and 12.1! who were 65 years of age or older. The population density was 3,404.8 people per square mile (1,314.5/km²). There were 61,444 housing units at an average density of 1,516.4 per squaremile (585.5 /km²) In the 2000 census, there were 137,893 people, 58,110 households, and 31,321 families residing in Eugene.


Eugene's largest industries are wood products manufacturing and recreational vehicle manufacturing. The city has over 25 breweries, offers a variety of dining options with a local focus. The most notable fungi here is the truffle; Eugene hosts the annual Oregon Truffle Festival in January. Many multinational businesses were launched in Eugene. Some of the most famous include Nike, Taco Time, and Brøderbund Software. Eugene has a growing problem with homelessness. The problem has been referenced in popular culture, including in the episode The 30% Iron Chef in Futurama. According to Eugene's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's top employers are: PeaceHealth Medical Group, the University of Oregon, and the Eugene School District. In 2012, the Eugene metro region was dubbed the Silicon Shire for its growing tech industry. In 2015, semiconductor manufacturer Broadcom purchased the plant with plans to upgrade and reopen it. In November 2016, Broadcom abandoned these plans and put it up for sale in November 2016. The company abandoned these Plans and put the plant up for Sale in December 2016. In late September 2009, Uni-Chem of South Korea announced its intention to purchase the Hynix site for solar cell manufacturing. However, this deal fell through and as of late 2012, is no longer planned. In 2014, Run Gum was created by track athlete Nick Symmonds and track and field coach Sam Lapray in 2014. Burley Design LLC produces bicycle trailers and was founded in Eugene by Alan Scholz out of a Saturday Market business in 1978.

Arts and culture

Eugene's Saturday Market, open every Saturday from April through November, was founded in 1970 as the first "Saturday Market" in the United States. The old Grower's Market, downtown near the Amtrak depot, is the only food cooperative in the U.S. with no employees. The city council unanimously approved a new slogan for the city: "World's Greatest City for the Arts & Outdoors" in 2005. In early 2010, the slogan was changed to "A Great City for The Arts & The Outdoors." The city has a vibrant arts community for a city its size, and is well situated near many outdoor opportunities. It still has small natural food stores in many neighborhoods, some of the oldest student cooperatives in the country, and alternative schools have been part of the school district since 1971. It is possible to see Eugene's trend-setting non-profit tendencies in much newer projects, such as Square One Villages and the Center for Appropriate Transport. The City of Eugene has an active Neighborhood Program. Several neighborhoods are known for their green activism. There are a number of community gardens on public property. An unusual eco-village with natural building techniques and large shared garden can be found in Jefferson Westside neighborhood. A number of suburban homes trading grass for garden, installing rain water catchment systems and retrofits. Several sites have planted gardens by removing driveways, producing an increasing number of gardens. There is a growing number of public property that are deepening social and economic networks in the neighborhood.


Eugene's miles of running trails, through its unusually large park system, are among the most extensive in the U.S. There are close links between the University of Oregon's successful track & field program, the Oregon Track Club, and Nike, Inc. Autzen Stadium is home to Duck football, with a seating capacity of 54,000 but has had over 60,000 with standing room only. The Eugene Jr. Generals, a Tier III Junior "A" ice hockey team belonging to the Northern Pacific Hockey League (NPHL) plays at the Lane County Ice Center. Lane United FC, a soccer club that participates in the Northwest Division of USL League Two, was founded in 2013 and plays its home games at Civic Park. Eugene is the host of the delayed 2021 World Athletics Championships. The city bid for the 2019 event but lost narrowly to Doha, Qatar. The Nationwide Tour's golfing event Oregon Classic takes place at Shadow Hills Country Club, just north of Eugene. The event has been played every year since 1998, except in 2001 when it was slated to begin the day after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Eugene's Oregon Ducks are part of the Pac-12 Conference (Pac-12). American football is especially popular, with intense rivalries between the Ducks and both the Oregon State University Beavers and theUniversity of Washington Huskies. The Oregon Emeralds are a short-season Class A minor-league baseball team. The "Ems" play their home games in PK Park. The basketball arena, McArthur Court, was built in 1926.

Parks and recreation

The city of Eugene maintains an urban forest. The University of Oregon campus is an arboretum, with over 500 species of trees. The city operates and maintains scenic hiking trails that pass through and across the ridges of a cluster of hills in the southern portion of the city, on the fringe of residential neighborhoods. The nearest ski resort, Willamette Pass, is one hour from Eugene by car. The Three Sisters Wilderness, the Oregon Dunes National Recreation Area, and Smith Rock are just a short drive away. The Oakridge mountain bike trails, hot springs, and waterfalls within Willamettes National Forest are within Oregon Route 58. Eugene residents also frequent the Hoodoo and Mount Bachelor ski resorts, which are one hour by car from the city.


Eugene is the largest city in Lane County, Oregon. It has a non-partisan election system. The mayor of Eugene is Lucy Vinis, who has been in office since winning the popular vote in May 2016, and who was re-elected in May 2020. Eugene City Hall was abandoned in 2012 for reasons of structural integrity, energy efficiency, and obsolete size. The Eugene Police Department is the city's law enforcement and public safety agency. The Lane County Sheriff's Office also has its headquarters in Eugene. Since 1989 the mental health crisis intervention non-governmental agency CAHOOTS has responded to Eugene's mental health 911 calls. Lane County voted for Bernie Sanders over eventual 2016 nominee Hillary Clinton by 60.6-38.1%, and Eugene offered Sanders an even larger share it of its vote. Eugene has historically been a counter-culture-heavy and left-leaning college town, but the county's partisan leanings have intensified in recent decades, mirroring the general polarization of Oregon voters along urban (pro-Democratic) and rural (pro-Republican) lines. The city is home to the University of Oregon, which has a police station in the West University District near campus. The Oregon State Police have a presence in the rural areas and highways around the Eugene metro area. The LTD downtown station, and the EmX lines are patrolled by LTD Transit Officers. Eugene used to have an ordinance which prohibited car horn usage for non-driving purposes. After several residents were cited for this offense during the anti-Gulf War demonstrations, the city was taken to court and in 1992 the Oregon Court of Appeals overturned the ordinance.


Eugene is home to the University of Oregon. The Eugene School District includes four full-service high schools and many alternative education programs. There are also two branches of the Eugene Public Library, the Sheldon Branch Library in the neighborhood of Cal Young/Sheldon, and the Bethel Branch Library. Eugene also has several private schools, including the Eugene Waldorf School, the Outdoor High School, Eugene Montessori, Far Horizon MontessorI, Eugene Sudbury School, Wellsprings Friends School, Oak Hill School, and The Little French School. Eugene has the largest library in Oregon, with collections totaling more than 3 million volumes and over 100,000 audio and video items. It also has the Lane County Law Library, which was moved into a new, larger building downtown in 2002. It is the second-largest library in the state, after the University Of Oregon's Knight Library, with more than 1.5 million volumes. It was the first library to move into a four-story building in downtown Eugene in 1998. It has a collection of more than 130,000 square feet (3,500 to 12,100 m2) and is located in the heart of the downtown area. The city has a population of 2.2 million. It had a population in the year 2000 of 1.3 million. The population of Eugene in 2010 was 1.4 million. There is a population growth rate of 0.7% in the last decade. The growth rate for Eugene in the past decade has been 0.8%.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Eugene, Lane County, Oregon = 51. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 60. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 99. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Eugene = 3.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 2,994 individuals with a median age of 36.2 age the population grows by 8.87% in Eugene, Lane County, Oregon population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 3,995.07 residents per square mile of area (1,542.50/km²). There are average 2.25 people per household in the 63,990 households with an average household income of $41,550 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 9.90% of the available work force and has dropped -5.33% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.44%. The number of physicians in Eugene per 100,000 population = 229.3.


The annual rainfall in Eugene = 45.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 6 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 139. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 155. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 33.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 65, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Eugene, Lane County, Oregon which are owned by the occupant = 49.92%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 33 years with median home cost = $254,430 and home appreciation of -6.10%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $10.72 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,871 per student. There are 22.6 students for each teacher in the school, 927 students for each Librarian and 1853 students for each Counselor. 7.21% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 21.84% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 15.42% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Eugene's population in Lane County, Oregon of 3,236 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,93-fold to 2,994 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.89% female residents and 49.11% male residents live in Eugene, Lane County, Oregon.

    As of 2020 in Eugene, Lane County, Oregon are married and the remaining 52.76% are single population.

  • 18.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Eugene require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    67.42% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.28% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 4.67% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 4.59% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Eugene, Lane County, Oregon, 49.92% are owner-occupied homes, another 44.57% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.51% are vacant.

  • The 23.62% of the population in Eugene, Lane County, Oregon who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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