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Framingham

Framingham, Massachusetts

  •   State: 
    Massachusetts
      County: 
    Middlesex County
      City: 
    Framingham
      County FIPS: 
    25017
      Coordinates: 
    42°16′45″N 71°25′00″W
      Area total: 
    26.50 sq mi (68.65 km²)
      Area land: 
    25.04 sq mi (64.86 km²)
      Area water: 
    1.46 sq mi (3.78 km²)
      Elevation: 
    165 ft (50 m)
      Established: 
    1650; Settled 1650; Incorporated (town) June 25, 1700; Incorporated (city) January 1, 2018
  •   Latitude: 
    42,3284
      Longitude: 
    -71,4032
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    01701
    01702
    01703
    01705
      GMAP: 

    Framingham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
    1,900
      Population density: 
    2,889.39 residents per square mile of area (1,115.61/km²)
      Household income: 
    $63,703
      Households: 
    25,163
      Unemployment rate: 
    6.50%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    5.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.30%

Framingham is a city in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. Incorporated in 1700, it is located in Middlesex County and the MetroWest subregion of the Greater Boston metropolitan area. Residents voted in favor of adopting a charter to transition from a representative town meeting system to a mayorcouncil government in April 2017. The municipality transitioned to city status on January 1, 2018. The city proper covers 25 square miles (65 km²) with a population of 72,362 in 2020, making it the 14th most populous municipality in Massachusetts. In 2000, Framingham celebrated its Tercentennial. Framingham is known for the Framingham Heart Study, as well as for the Dennison Manufacturing Company, which was founded in 1844 as a jewelry and watch box manufacturing company. The company merged in 1990 into Avery Dennisons, with headquarters in Pasadena, California, and active corporate offices in the town. In 1854, the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society held a rally in a picnic area called Harmony Grove near what is now downtown Framingham. At the 1854 rally, William Lloyd Garrison burned copies of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, judicial decisions enforcing it, and the U.S. Constitution. Other prominent abolitionists present that day included William Cooper Nell, Sojourner Truth, Wendell Phillips, Lucy Stone, and Henry David Thoreau. In 2010, there were 68,318 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 71% White, 71% African-American, and 16% Hispanic.

History

The town of Framingham, Massachusetts, was first settled by a European when John Stone settled on the west bank of the Sudbury River in 1647. In 1660, Thomas Danforth, an official of the Bay Colony, received a grant of land at "Danforth's Farms" and began to accumulate over 15,000 acres (100 km²) He strenuously resisted petitions for incorporation of the town, which was officially incorporated in 1700. The first church was organized in 1701, the first teacher was hired in 1706, and the first permanent schoolhouse was built in 1716. Framingham sent two militia companies totaling about 130 men into the Battles of Lexington and Concord that followed; one of those men was wounded. The town is known for the Framingham Heart Study, as well as for the Dennison Manufacturing Company, founded in 1844 as a jewelry and watch box manufacturing company. On January 1, 2018, Framingham became a city and Yvonne M. Spicer was inaugurated as its first mayor, thus becoming the first popularly elected African-American female mayor in Massachusetts. In 2000, the town celebrated its Tercentennial and rose to become the largest town in Massachusetts, commonly referred to by the people ofFramingham as "The largest city in the country" Framingham had attempted to become a city on three prior occasions 1993, 1997, and 2013, all of which were rejected by the residents of the city. In 1854, the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society held a rally in a picnic area called Harmony Grove near what is now downtown Framingham.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 26.4 square miles (68.5 km²) of it is land. 1.3 square miles of it (3.4 km²), or 4.99% is water. The city has a population of 2,816. It is the largest city in the state of New Mexico, with a population in excess of 2.1 million. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the city's population will reach 2,716 by the end of the year. It has a land area of 25.1 square miles, or 65.1 km², and a water area of 4.9 square miles. Its population is 1,814. It was the largest state city in New Mexico in the 1930s, when it had 1,715 residents. The population has grown to 2,082 by the year 2000. It had a population peak of 1,938 in the 1950s. It now has a total of 2, 8 million people, or 68.5% of the state's population, and is the nation's second-largest city. The state's largest city is New Mexico City, at 1,962 square miles; its population has declined by 1.7% in the last 20 years. It also has a large Hispanic population, with 1.4% of its population coming from the city of Chino, New Mexico. The town's population declined by 2.6% between the 1990 and 2000s.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 68,318 people, 26,173 households, and 16,535 families residing in the city. There were 27,529 housing units, of which 1,356, or 4.9%, were vacant. Since the 1980s, a large segment of the Brazilian population has come from the single city of Governador Valadares. In 2017, the estimated median income for a household in Framingham was $84,050, and the median incomes for a family was $101,078. The per capita income for the city was $38,917. About 7.5% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of people age 65 or over. The city is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which runs through the town of Framingham. It is the state's second-largest city, after Cambridge, Massachusetts. It has a population of 71,318, with a population density of 2,732.7 people per square mile (1,054.3/km²) The city's population was 71.9% White, 5.8% Black, 0.3% Native American, 6.3%. Asian, 0,1% Pacific Islander, 10.9%. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.4%. (Source: 2010 Census Quickfacts) The median age was 38.0 years. For every 100 females, there are 93.5 males. For each 100 females aged 18 and over, there is 90.8 males.

Government and politics

Framingham's Home Rule Charter was approved by voters on April 4, 2017, and took effect on January 1, 2018. On that date, Yvonne M. Spicer was inaugurated as Framingham's first mayor.Elections are held in November of odd-numbered years, to elect a full-time mayor serving a four-year term. The mayor replaced the Board of Selectmen as the chief executive, and the City Council replaced Representative Town Meeting as the legislative body. The Mayor and at-large-councilors are limited to a maximum of three consecutive terms in office and district councilors arelimited to six consecutive terms. The School Committee has ten members: one elected from each of the nine districts, serving two-year terms and the mayor, who serves as a tenth member and may only vote to break a tie. The Board of Library Trustees and the board of Cemetery Trustees have also elected positions serving for four- year terms, with half the membership elected at alternating municipal elections. The city maintains a police department. The Charter provides for an automatic review of the Charter five years after its adoption and periodically thereafter. It also provides for a review of it every five years for the next 10 years after the Charter is adopted and every three years after that. The City Council has 11 members: nine district members serving two years, and two at- large members serving four years. It has a mayor who serves a four year term, and a school committee with ten members.

Education

Framingham has 14 public schools which are part of the Framingham Public School District. The city also has a regional vocational high school and one regional charter school. Framingham is also home to several private schools, including Summit Montessori School, the Sudbury Valley School, one parochial school, one Jewish day school, and several specialty schools. The Framingham School Department can trace its roots back to 1706 when the town hired its first schoolmaster, Deacon Joshua Hemenway. Since 1998, when Framingham began upgrading its schools, it has performed major renovations to Cameron, Wilson, McCarthy, and Framingham High School. The first town-operated high school opened in 1852 and has been in operation continuously in numerous locations throughout the town. Two public school buildings that were mothballed due to financial issues or population drops have been leased to the Metrowest Jewish Day School and Mass Bay Community College. Several schools that were no longer being used were sold off, including Lincoln, Roosevelt, and Washington. The town also has three colleges, including Framingham State University and Massachusetts Bay Community college's Framingham Campus. The school district's main offices are located in the Fuller Administration Building on Flagg Drive with additional offices at the King School on Water Street.

Transportation

Framingham is approximately halfway between Worcester, the commercial center of Central Massachusetts, and Boston, New England's leading port and metropolitan area. Rail and highway facilities connect these major centers and other communities in the Greater Boston Metropolitan Area. The closest airport with scheduled international passenger traffic is Boston's Logan International Airport, 25 miles (40 km) from Framingham. Worcester Regional Airport, about 27 miles (43 km) away, began scheduled flights to Fort Lauderdale and Orlando in November 2013. Framingham is served by one Interstate and four state highways. It is also served by a free park and ride facility at the intersection of Flutie Pass and East Road on the south side of Shoppers' World Mall. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA), provides THE RIDE, a paratransit service for the elderly and disabled. It was called the Framingham Commuter Rail Line, as Framingham was the end of the line, until rail traffic was expanded to Worcester in 1996. The line also serves Newton, Wellesley, Natick, Ashland, Southborough, Westborough, and Grafton. The rail service is available to South Station and Back Bay Station, Boston, via the MBTA's Framingham/Worcester Line, which connects South Station in Boston and Union Station in Worcester. The bus terminal and paid parking facility are on the Shoppers’ World Mall property, off the Massachusetts Turnpike exit 13, between Route 9 and Route 30. The MetroWest Regional Transit Authority (MWRTA) operates a regional bus service which provides service to other local routes.

Economy

Framingham's economy is predominantly derived from retail and office complexes. There are scatterings of small manufacturing facilities and commercial services such as plumbing, mechanical and electrical expected to be found in communities of its size. Framingham has three major business districts within the city, The "Golden Triangle", Downtown/South Framingham, and West Framingham. Additionally, there are several smaller business hubs in the villages of Framingham Center, Saxonville, Nobscot, and along the Route 9 corridor. Shoppers' World was a large open air shopping mall, the second in the US and the first east of the Mississippi River. A Carling Brewery began operations in 1956, ending in 1975. Their buildings later housed Prime Computer and Boston Scientific before demolition in 2018 for a new MathWorks facility. South Framingham became the commercial center of the town with the advent of the railroad in the 1880s. It eventually came to house Dennison Manufacturing and the former General Motors Framingham Assembly plant, but the area underwent financial downturn after the closure of these facilities during the late 1980s. An influx of Hispanic and Brazilian immigrants helped revitalize the district starting in the early 2000s. In 2006, the Fitts Market & Hemenway buildings underwent a restoration project; renovated in 2006, these structures received a Massachusetts Historical Commission Award in the Rehabilitation and Restoration Category. In addition, several retail shops from Natick in east to Winter St. in the west have been added in the last few years.

Healthcare

Framingham is served by MetroWest Medical Center (formerly Framingham Union Hospital, which also includes Leonard Morse Hospital campus in Natick) Framingham is also served by Framingham High School, Framingham Elementary School, and Framingham Middle School. Framingham has a population of 1,788. The town has a history of being part of the town of Natick and of the village of Framingham, Massachusetts. It also has a long history of involvement with the town's local hospital system, the MetroWest Hospital system, and the city's school system. It is also home to a number of non-profit organizations, including the local chapter of the American Nurses Assn. and the Framingham Rotary Club. The Framingham Public Library is located in Framingham. The city has a library with a circulation of 2,000 books and magazines. It has a school with a library of more than 1,000 square feet. The community also has an elementary school with grades 1-12, and two middle schools with grades 13 and 14. The village has a high school, with grades 7-12 and a junior high with grades 9-12. The local high school has grades 13-14, and a senior high with a grade of 9-13. The Town has a hospital with grades 11-13, as well as a part-time high school. It was the site of the first local hospital, which opened in 1872. It had a post-secondary school, which was founded in 1876.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Framingham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts = 43.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 43. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Framingham = 3.5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 1,900 individuals with a median age of 39.3 age the population dropped by -3.54% in Framingham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,889.39 residents per square mile of area (1,115.61/km²). There are average 2.43 people per household in the 25,163 households with an average household income of $63,703 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.50% of the available work force and has dropped -3.26% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 26.98%. The number of physicians in Framingham per 100,000 population = 389.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Framingham = 44.9 inches and the annual snowfall = 47.6 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 123. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 197. 84 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 15.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 49, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Framingham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 53.63%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 46 years with median home cost = $234,630 and home appreciation of -7.41%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.70 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $9,916 per student. There are 12 students for each teacher in the school, 8085 students for each Librarian and 334 students for each Counselor. 6.04% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 24.96% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 16.60% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Framingham's population in Middlesex County, Massachusetts of 8,529 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,22-fold to 1,900 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.84% female residents and 48.16% male residents live in Framingham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

    As of 2020 in Framingham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts are married and the remaining 45.42% are single population.

  • 29.6 minutes is the average time that residents in Framingham require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    77.21% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.51% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 5.06% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.34% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Framingham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, 53.63% are owner-occupied homes, another 43.13% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.24% are vacant.

  • The 68.03% of the population in Framingham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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