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College Park

City of College Park

  •   State: 
    Maryland
      County: 
    Prince George's County
      City: 
    College Park
      County FIPS: 
    24033
      Coordinates: 
    38°59′48″N 76°55′39″W
      Area total: 
    5.68 sq mi (14.72 km²)
      Area land: 
    5.61 sq mi (14.53 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.07 sq mi (0.18 km²)
      Elevation: 
    69 ft (21 m)
      Established: 
    1856; Incorporated 1945
  •   Latitude: 
    38,978
      Longitude: 
    -76,9289
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    20740
    20741
    20742
      GMAP: 

    College Park, Prince George's County, Maryland, United States

  •   Population: 
    34,740
      Population density: 
    6,191.41 residents per square mile of area (2,390.37/km²)
      Household income: 
    $62,681
      Households: 
    6,610
      Unemployment rate: 
    7.40%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.00%
      Income taxes: 
    7.95%

College Park is a city in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, and is approximately four miles (6.4 km) from the northeast border of Washington, D.C. It is best known as the home of the University of Maryland, College Park. The city was incorporated in 1945 and included the subdivisions of College Park, Lakeland, Berwyn, Oak Spring, Branchville, Daniel's Park, and Hollywood. Since 1994, the city has also been home to the National Archives at College Park and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Center for Weather and Climate Prediction (NCWCP) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Centre for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) The city's population was 34,740 at the 2020 United States Census, and it is expected to grow to 40,000 by the end of the decade.College Park was developed beginning in 1889 near the Maryland Agricultural College and the College Station stop of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The original 125-acre (0.51 km²) tract was divided into a grid-street pattern with long, narrow building lots, with a standard lot size of 50 feet (15 m) by 200 feet (61 m) The original College Park subdivision was first platted in 1872 by Eugene Campbell. The area remained undeveloped and was re-platted in 1889 by John O. Johnson and Samuel Curriden, Washington real estate developers. College Park originally included single-family residences constructed in the Shingle, Queen Anne, and Stick styles.

History

College Park is the primary city name, but also Berwyn Heights, Berwyn Hts are acceptable city names or spellings, Berwyn, North College Park on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is City of College Park. College Park was developed beginning in 1889 near the Maryland Agricultural College (later the University of Maryland) and the College Station stop of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The suburb was incorporated in 1945 and included the subdivisions of College Park, Lakeland, Berwyn, Oak Spring, Branchville, Daniel's Park, and Hollywood. College Park originally included single-family residences constructed in the Shingle, Queen Anne, and Stick styles. The community housing continued to develop in the 1930s and 1940s with one story bungalows, Cape Cods, and Victorians and, later, raised ranches and split-level homes. After World War II, construction consisted mostly of infill of ranch and Split-level houses. The city continued to grow, and a municipal center was built in 1959. It is now operated by the National Capital Park and Planning Commission and is part of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., which is home to the National Museum of American History and the National Gallery of Art. The National Park Service operates a park in College Park that is open to the public and offers free admission to museums, parks, and other public facilities. The park is also home to a public library, a park center, a museum, and an amphitheater. It was named after the College Park neighborhood, which was first platted in 1872 by Eugene Campbell. The original 125-acre tract was divided into a grid-street pattern with long, narrow building lots, with a standard lot size of 50 feet (15 m) by 200 feet (61 m).

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 30,413 people, 6,757 households, and 2,852 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 63.0% White, 14.3% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 10.03% Asian and 0.1% Pacific Islander. The city's median income was $50,168, and the median income for a family was $62,759 (these figures had risen to $66,953 and $82,295 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $40,445 versus $31,631 for females. About 4.2% of families and 19.9% of the population were below the poverty line. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age in theCity was 21.3 years, and 7.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 60.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24. For every 100 females, for every 100 males, there are 110.2 males. The per capita income for the city is $16,026, and about 6.9%. of those under age 18 and 9.2. of those age 65 or over are below the income line, including 6.8% of those who are 65 and older. In the city, the median age was 22.2 years. The population density was 4,537.5 people per square mile (1,753.2/km²).

Government

College Park has a Council-Manager form of government. The city manager is appointed by the city council and the mayor elected every two years. City Council meetings are held once a week at the College Park City Hall. Prince George's County Police Department District 1 Station in Hyattsville serves College Park. The U.S. Postal Service operates the college Park Post Office and the North College Park Post office. As of September 2011, College Park belongs to Maryland's 5th congressional district. The current Mayor of College Park is Patrick L. Wojahn, who took office in 2015. Previous mayors were: George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush II, and Robert H. Rumsfeld, Jr. The council has eight members, representing four districts in the city. College Park has six government departments: fire, police, parks, social services, health care, library, and economic development. It is located in the Maryland suburbs of Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Northern Virginia. It has a population of about 2,000 people, with a population growth rate of 0.7% per year. The mayor is a Democrat. The City Council has a majority of Democrats, with the majority of the council members coming from Maryland, D-Maryland, and D-Pennsylvania. It also has a minority of Republicans, who represent Maryland's 4th and 5th Congressional Districts, and the District of Columbia, which is in the state's southern part.

Geography

College Park is located at 38°5948N 76°5539W (38.996560, -76.927509) The city has a total area of 5.68 square miles (14.71 km²) of which 5.64 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles of water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, College Park has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. The city is located in the Washington, D.C. suburbs of Beltsville and Hyattsville, and is in the state of Maryland. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the city's population at 2,816,000 (2,715,000 in 2011). The city's area is 5.4 square miles, or 14.71 kilometers. The area has a climate of humid sub-tropical climate (Cfa) with mild to mild winters and hot, dry summers. It has a population of 2,716, or 2,917 in 2011. The state's population is 3,717, or 3,817 in 2010. It is the state's largest city, with an area of 4,822 square miles. The town's population in 2010 was 2,638, or 4,722 in 2010, and its area of land is 14.61 km² (4,723,000 acres).

Economy

According to the city's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: The city's top employers are: the hospital, hospital, police and fire departments. The city is home to more than 1,000 businesses, according to the report. The top employer is the hospital and fire department, which has the largest number of employees. The largest employer in the town is the fire department with more than 100 employees. It is also home to a number of other major employers, such as the police department, fire department and ambulance service. It also has the top-earning company, which employs more than 2,000 people, the city says. It has the highest rate of unemployment in the state, the report says, and the second-highest rate in the country, after the state's top employer, the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It's also the top employer for women, with 1,100 workers. It ranks No. 1 for women and women in the U.S. and No. 2 for women of color, with 2,500 workers and 1,500 women of all ages. The highest rate for men is for men, with 3,000 workers and 3,500 men. It ranked No. 4 for men and 2,700 men, and 7,000 men, in terms of women and men of all age groups. It was No. 5 for women. It had the highest percentage of men and men in the top 10 employers, with 6,000 and 6, respectively.

Transportation

College Park Airport is the oldest continuously operating airport in the United States, having been in continuous operation since 1909. It originated as the site where the U.S. government began to train pilots, under the tutelage of Wilbur Wright, for military purposes. The University of Maryland Station on the Washington Metro's Green Line is in College Park; a large commuter parking garage was completed in 2004 adjacent to the Metro station. College Park will also have three Purple Line light rail stations when the system opens in 2026. The Purple Line will link the Metro's Red, Green, Yellow, and Orange lines. As well as the MARC commuter rail's Penn and Camden lines. It will eliminate the need for a bus route to the university's main Metro station, the Green line's College Park U of Md station. The city also had streetcar service from 1903 to 1962 along what is now Rhode Island Avenue and the College Park Trolley Trail. Its future status is uncertain, as it lies just a few miles outside the restricted airspace of Washington, D.C. Area commercial airports include Baltimore-Washington International Airport, Reagan National Airport, and Washington Dulles International Airport. It is also home to the National Museum of Natural History, which was opened in 1872. The National Park Service has a park in the area. It also has a national park in Maryland, which is open to the public. It has a zoo, which opened in the 1970s and is open for visitors.

Historic sites

Part of the city is located within the Calvert Hills Historic District. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002. The city is home to the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission. The commission has identified a number of historic sites in College Park. The list includes the following sites:   The College Park Historic Sites and the Calvert Hills Historical District of College Park, which is located in the city's Calvert  Hills area. The Calvert-Hills Historic District is located in the City of College Park, Maryland, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Things in 2002. It is located on the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission's designation list. It includes the University of Maryland, College Park, and the University of Maryland-College Park historical Sightings and Sites and Sights and Areas of Interest in the City of College Park and surrounding areas. It also includes the College Park Historic District, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003. The Calverts Houses and Gardens of the City of College Parks are located in this district, and were listed on  the N R P Census list of historic places in 2004.

Education

College Park is served by Prince George's County Public Schools. The city is zoned to several different schools. The University of Maryland, College Park is located within the city limits. Private schools include: Dar-us-Salaam/Al Huda School, K12 (College Park) and St. Francis International School St. Mark Campus, K8, Hyattsville. Lakeland Elementary School, a school for black children, opened in 1925. In 1950, Lakeland High was replaced by Fairmont Heights High School near Fairmount Heights. Circa 1964, legal racial segregation ended in Prince George’s County schools. College Park Academy attempted to lease the previous College Park elementary building, but there was community opposition. The grade 6-12 charter school currently is located in Riverdale Park. The school closed and merged into Saint Francis International, which opened in 2010. For a period Friends Community School occupied the building in 2007, but it moved out in 2007.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in College Park, Prince George's County, Maryland = 14.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 53. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 80. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in College Park = 4.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 34,740 individuals with a median age of 22.6 age the population grows by 12.26% in College Park, Prince George's County, Maryland population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 6,191.41 residents per square mile of area (2,390.37/km²). There are average 2.63 people per household in the 6,610 households with an average household income of $62,681 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.40% of the available work force and has dropped -5.42% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.76%. The number of physicians in College Park per 100,000 population = 141.8.

Weather

The annual rainfall in College Park = 42.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 15.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 106. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 207. 89 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 25.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 42, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in College Park, Prince George's County, Maryland which are owned by the occupant = 54.26%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 45 years with median home cost = $270,070 and home appreciation of -10.27%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $16.07 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,729 per student. There are 15.5 students for each teacher in the school, 904 students for each Librarian and 349 students for each Counselor. 3.35% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 21.63% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 19.54% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • College Park's population in Prince George's County, Maryland of 1,019 residents in 1900 has increased 34,09-fold to 34,740 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 47.24% female residents and 52.76% male residents live in College Park, Prince George's County, Maryland.

    As of 2020 in College Park, Prince George's County, Maryland are married and the remaining 65.22% are single population.

  • 26.8 minutes is the average time that residents in College Park require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    53.63% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.15% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 8.98% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.76% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in College Park, Prince George's County, Maryland, 54.26% are owner-occupied homes, another 41.15% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.59% are vacant.

  • The 29.83% of the population in College Park, Prince George's County, Maryland who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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