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New Orleans

City of New Orleans

  •   State: 
    Orleans Parish
    New Orleans
      County FIPS: 
    29°58′00″N 90°04′50″W
      Area total: 
    349.85 sq mi
      Area land: 
    169.42 sq mi (438.80 km²)
      Area water: 
    180.43 sq mi (467.30 km²)
    −6.5 to 20 ft (−2 to 6 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New Orleans-Metairie, LA
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,267 residents per square mile of area (875/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

New Orleans was founded in 1718 by French colonists. It is the most populous city in Louisiana and the twelfth most populous in the southeastern United States. The city and Orleans Parish (French: paroisse d'Orléans) are coterminous. As of 2017, Orleans Parish is the third most populous parish in Louisiana, behind East Baton Rouge Parish and neighboring Jefferson Parish. New Orleans is world-renowned for its distinctive music, Creole cuisine, unique dialects, and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, known for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street. City has historically been very vulnerable to flooding, due to its high rainfall, low lying elevation, poor natural drainage, and proximity to multiple bodies of water. Since Katrina, major redevelopment efforts have led to a rebound in the city's population. Concerns about gentrification, new residents buying property in formerly closely knit communities, and displacement of longtime residents have been expressed. The name of New Orleans derives from the original French name (La Nouvelle-Orléan), which was given to the city in honor of Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, who served as Louis XV's regent from 1715 to 1723. The City of Orleans itself is named after the Roman emperor Aurelian, originally being known as AureLianum, and in Latin would translate to Nova Aureliansum.

Etymology and nicknames

New Orleans is the primary city name, but also Elmwood, Harahan, River Ridge are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of New Orleans. The name of New Orleans derives from the original French name (La Nouvelle-Orléans), which was given to the city in honor of Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, who served as Louis XV's regent from 1715 to 1723. The city of Orleans itself is named after the Roman emperor Aurelian. When the United States acquired possession from France in 1803, the French name was adopted and anglicized to become the modern name, which is still in use today. New Orleans has several nicknames, including these: Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City that Care Forgot, and NOLA, the acronym for New Orleans, Louisiana. The name of the city is derived from the French word "nouvelle," which means "new" or "newer" in French, and "ouille," which is French for "city" and "neighbor" in English. The French name is also used in Latin to refer to the Roman Emperor Aurelians, and in Latin would translate to Nova Aure lianum, or Nova Aurelia. The Spanish renamed the city to Nueva Orleans (pronounced [nwea oleans]), which was used until 1800, when it was adopted by the U.S. The modern name is still used today, and has been in use since 1803 when it became part of the US territory of Louisiana. It is also known as New Orleans by some locals.


La Nouvelle-Orléans (New Orleans) was founded in the spring of 1718 by the French Mississippi Company. It was named for Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, who was regent of the Kingdom of France at the time. The French colony of Louisiana was ceded to the Spanish Empire in the 1763 Treaty of Paris, following France's defeat by Great Britain in the Seven Years' War. New Orleans was an important port for smuggling aid to the American revolutionaries, and transporting military equipment and supplies up the Mississippi River. During the American Revolutionary War, Filipinos began to settle in and around New Orleans. The city was a hub for this trade both physically and culturally because it served as the exit point for the rest of the globe for the interior of the North American continent. At the end of the French colonial era, New Orleans traded across the Atlantic in the commercial world. Its inhabitants traded with the inhabitants of the interior and the interior. The most associated with this period for was the most inspiring mixture of foreign influences that created a melting pot of culture that is still celebrated today. At one instance, the French government established a chapter of sisters in New Orleans after being sponsored by the Ursuline sisters in the West Indies. In 1727, the city founded a convent in the city in the name of the sisters of the Indies, which is still in operation today. In the 1720s, the transatlantic slave trade imported enslaved Africans into the colony. By 1724, the large number of blacks in Louisiana prompted the institutionalizing of laws governing slavery.


New Orleans is located in the Mississippi River Delta, south of Lake Pontchartrain. The average elevation of the city is currently between 1 foot (0.30 m) and 2 feet (0.61 m) below sea level. New Orleans is built on thousands of feet of soft sand, silt, and clay. Subsidence, or settling of the ground surface, occurs naturally due to the consolidation and oxidation of organic soils (called "marsh" in New Orleans) and local groundwater pumping. In the past, flooding and deposition of sediments from the. Mississippi River counterbalanced the natural subsidence, leaving southeast Louisiana at or above sea level, but due to major flood control. structures being built upstream on the Mississippi. River and levees being built around New Orleans, fresh layers of sediment are not replenishing the ground lost. by subsidence. Evidence suggests that portions of the. city may be dropping in elevation due to subsidence due to pumping of water from marshland. In May 2016, NASA published a study which suggested that most areas were, in fact, experiencing subsidence at a "highly variable rate" which was "generally consistent with, but somewhat higher than, previous studies" According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city's area is 350 square miles (910 km²) of which 169 square miles of land is land and 52square miles of water. The area along the river is characterized by ridges and hollows. The Central Business District is located immediately north and west of the Mississippi and was historically called the "American Quarter" or "American Sector".


The population of New Orleans steadily increased to a historic 627,525 prior to 1960. The last population estimate before Hurricane Katrina was 454,865, as of July 1, 2005. A population analysis released in August 2007 estimated the population to be 273,000, 60% of the pre-Katrina population. In 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau revised upward its 2008 population estimate for the city, to 336,644 inhabitants. In 2020, the racial and ethnic makeup of the city was 53.61% Black or African American, 31% white, 0.2% American Indian and Alaska Native, and 0.03% Pacific Islander. The growth of the Hispanic and Latino population from any race in New Orleans to 2020 reflected national trends of non-Hispanic trends. The city now has a more diverse population than it did before Katrina. As of 2010, 90.3% of residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 4.8% spoke Spanish, 1.9% Vietnamese, and 1.1% spoke French. The New Orleans Police Department began a new policy to "no longer cooperate with federal immigration enforcement" beginning on February 28, 2016. In 2016, the Pew Research Center estimated at least 35,000 undocumented immigrants lived in the New Orleans and its metropolitan area. In 2011, the Hispanic population in the Greater New Orleans area had grown in the area alongside Black and African American residents in Jefferson Parish and New Orleans in Mid-City proper.


The Port of New Orleans is the fifth-largest in the United States based on cargo volume. The Port of South Louisiana, also located in the New Orleans area, is the world's busiest in terms of bulk tonnage. The city is the home to a single Fortune 500 company: Entergy, a power generation utility and nuclear power plant operations specialist. The area hosts 17 petroleum refineries, with a combined crude oil distillation capacity of nearly 2.8 million barrels per day (450,000 m3/d), the second highest after Texas. The largest coffee-roasting plant in the world, operated by Folgers, is located in New Orleans East. Many shipbuilding, shipping, logistics, freight forwarding and commodity brokerage firms either are based in metropolitan New Orleans or maintain a local presence. Louisiana ranks fifth among states in oil production and eighth in reserves. It has two of the four Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) storage facilities: West Hackberry in Cameron Parish and Bayou Choctaw in Iberville Parish. After Katrina, Freeport-McMoRan, an Arizona unit of Pan American Life Insurance, lost its gold exploration division to Phoenix-Rite-A-Million and relocated to Freeport, Arizona. Its McMoRan Exploration affiliate remains headquartered in the city.Companies with significant operations or headquarters in New. Orleans include Pan-American Life, Rolls-Royce, National Bank, One&T, TurboSquat, iSeatz, IBM, Navtech, Superior Energy Services, Lockheed Martin, McDermott International, and Lockheed Martin.

Culture and contemporary life

New Orleans is one of the top ten most-visited cities in the United States. 10.1 million visitors came to New Orleans in 2004. The French Quarter, Jackson Square, St. Louis Cathedral, the French Market, and Preservation Hall are some of the city's most popular tourist attractions. The city's historic cemeteries and their distinct above-ground tombs are attractions in themselves, the oldest and most famous of which, Saint Louis Cemetery, greatly resembles Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. The New Orleans area is home to numerous annual celebrations, the most well known is Carnival on the Feast of the Epiphany, also known in some Christian traditions as "Twelfth Night" New Orleans' largest music festival is the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, which features a variety of native and international artists. New Orleans also hosts the Essence Music Festival and Essence Voodoo Fest, both of which feature local and international international artists, as well as local and local local artists. The Natchez steamboat is an authentic steamboat with a calliope that cruises the length of New Orleans twice daily. It is also home to the Audubon Nature Institute and the Aquarium of the Americas, and home to gardens which include Longue Vue House and Gardens and New Orleans Botanical Garden. The Louisiana State Museum is the oldest continually operating museum in Louisiana (although under renovation since Hurricane Katrina), and contains the second-largest collection of Confederate memorabilia. The National WWII Museum offers a multi-building odyssey through the history of the Pacific and European theaters.


New Orleans is home to two NCAA Division I athletic programs, the Tulane Green Wave of the American Athletic Conference and the UNO Privateers of the Southland Conference. It is also home to the Fair Grounds Race Course, the nation's third-oldest thoroughbred track. In 2017 Major League Rugby had its inaugural season, and NOLA Gold were one of the first teams in the league. In 2022, a consortium started an attempt to bring professional soccer to New Orleans, hoping to place teams in male USL Championship and women's USL Super League by 2025. The city's Lakefront Arena has also been home to sporting events, including the Sugar Bowl, the New Orleans Bowl, and the Zurich Classic, a golf tournament on the PGA Tour. The Rock 'n' Roll Mardi Gras Marathon and the Crescent City Classic are two annual road running events. New Orleans plays host to the Super Bowl a record seven times (1978, 1981, 1986, 1990, 1997, 2002, and 2013). The Smoothie King Center is the home of the Pelicans, VooDoo, and many events that are not large enough to need the Superdome. In addition, it has often hosted major sporting events that have no permanent home, such as the Super Super Bowl, ArenaBowl, NBA All-Star Game, BCS National Championship Game, and NCAA Final Four. The Super Bowl XLIV champion New Orleans Saints (NFL) are based in New Orleans and play in the Super Dome.


New Orleans is a political subdivision of the U.S. state of Louisiana. It has a mayor-council government, following a home rule charter adopted in 1954, as later amended. The city council consists of seven members, who are elected by single-member districts and two members elected at-large, that is, across the city-parish. LaToya Cantrell assumed the mayor's office in 2018 as the first female mayor of the city. New Orleans is the only city in Louisiana that refuses to pay court-ordered judgements when it loses a case that were awarded to the other party. Since the city can't be forced to pay judgments unless it chooses to do so, it simply doesn't pay. More than $36 million in over 500 unpaid judgements issued against the city are simply ignored. The Orleans Parish Civil Sheriff's Office serves papers involving lawsuits, provides court security, and operates the city's correctional facilities, including Orleans Parish Prison. The sheriff's office shares legal jurisdiction with the New Orleans Police Department and provides it with backup on an as-needed basis. As of 2022 the sheriff is Susan Hutson, who defeated 17-year incumbent Marlin Gusman in the 2021 New Orleans City Election. Before 2010, New Orleans (and all other parishes in Louisiana) had separate criminal and civil sheriff's offices. These were merged in 2010 by Louisiana Revised Statute 33:1500. The City of New Orleans, used Archon Information Systems software and services to host multiple online tax sales. The first tax sale was held after Hurricane Katrina.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in New Orleans, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana = 30.7. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in New Orleans = 5.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 9,326 individuals with a median age of 39.7 age the population dropped by -34.89% in New Orleans, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,267 residents per square mile of area (875/km²). There are average 2.44 people per household in the 123,927 households with an average household income of $38,024 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.10% of the available work force and has dropped -5.43% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.34%. The number of physicians in New Orleans per 100,000 population = 520.8.


The annual rainfall in New Orleans = 59.3 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 106. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 216. 91 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 47 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 22, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in New Orleans, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana which are owned by the occupant = 41.78%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 56 years with median home cost = $124,440 and home appreciation of 1.47%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $2.28 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $13,288 per student. There are 18.4 students for each teacher in the school, 1291 students for each Librarian and 293 students for each Counselor. 3.64% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 16.35% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 12.17% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • New Orleans's population in Orleans Parish, Louisiana of 1,208 residents in 1900 has increased 7,72-fold to 9,326 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 53.47% female residents and 46.53% male residents live in New Orleans, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana.

    As of 2020 in New Orleans, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana are married and the remaining 60.47% are single population.

  • 26.8 minutes is the average time that residents in New Orleans require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    60.14% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 15.53% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 13.17% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.88% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in New Orleans, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, 41.78% are owner-occupied homes, another 48.82% are rented apartments, and the remaining 9.40% are vacant.

  • The 42.99% of the population in New Orleans, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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