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Wayland

Wayland, Kentucky

  •   State: 
    Kentucky
      County: 
    Floyd County
      City: 
    Wayland
      County FIPS: 
    21071
      Coordinates: 
    37°27′03″N 82°47′59″W
      Area total: 
    2.71 sq mi (7.02 km²)
      Area land: 
    2.71 sq mi (7.01 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.00 km²)
      Elevation: 
    1,161 ft (354 m)
      Established: 
    1923; Incorporated 1923
  •   Latitude: 
    37,4445
      Longitude: 
    -82,806
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    41666
      GMAP: 

    Wayland, Floyd County, Kentucky, United States

  •   Population: 
    57,434
      Population density: 
    143.65 residents per square mile of area (55.45/km²)
      Household income: 
    $22,098
      Households: 
    117
      Unemployment rate: 
    12.80%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.00%
      Income taxes: 
    6.00%

Wayland is a home rule-class city in Floyd County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 426 at the 2010 census, up from 298 at the 2000 census. The Elk Horn Coal Company established a coal camp at the confluence of Steele Creek and the Right Fork of Beaver Creek in 1911. During the Civil War, Confederate General Humphrey Marshall and his forces camped there at the mill, while on their way back to Virginia. The coal camp was called different names, including Camp Steele Creek. They later named this place Wayland, after Clarence Wayland Watson, the president of the company. In April of 1914 the railroad arrived, and on May 18, the town post office was established. Wayland was incorporated as a sixth- class city in 1923. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.8 km²), all land. The city's public schools are operated by the Floyd County Schools system. Most students residing in Wayland attend: Duff-Allen Central Elementary School and Floyd Central High School. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.07. The median household income was $14,688 and the median family income is $20,938. The per capita income for the city was $7,886. About 30.4% of families and 38.4%. of the city were below the poverty line, including 59.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 36.7%. of those sixty five or over.

History

Wayland is the primary city name, but also Estill are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is Wayland, Kentucky. In 1911, the Elk Horn Coal Company established a coal camp at the confluence of Steele Creek and the Right Fork of Beaver Creek. This place had been known as Martins Mill since before the start of the Civil War, due to Rev. Old John Martins Grist Mill, which was located on Mill Creek. Confederate General Humphrey Marshall and his forces camped there at the mill, while on their way back to Virginia. They later named this place Wayland, after Clarence Wayland Watson, the president of the company. The coal camps construction wasnt completed until the early 1920s. Wayland was incorporated as a sixth-class city in 1923. The town post office was established on May 18, 1914. In April of 1914 the railroad arrived, and on May18, the town postoffice was established. The city of Wayland is located in the western part of the U.S. state of West Virginia, near the junction of Beaver and Steele creeks. It has a population of about 2,000, with about 1,000 residents living in the town center. It is one of the largest towns in the state, with a population in excess of 3,000. It was the site of the Battle of Middle Creek, which took place in 1864, and was the first battle of the American Civil War. In the early 1900s, the coal camp was known as Camp Steele Creek, and later as Watson Town, after the company's president.

Geography

Wayland is located in southwestern Floyd County at 37°2643N 82°484W (37.445289, -82.801131), in the valleys of the Right Fork Beaver Creek and its tributary, Steele Creek. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.8 km²), all land. Kentucky Route 7 passes through the city, leading north (downstream) 3.5 miles (5.6 km) to Garrett and south (upstream) 9 miles (14km) to Topmost. The city is located on the Kentucky River, which flows into the Ohio River at the Kentucky-Louisiana border. It has a population of 1,788. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates Wayland's population at 1,856 in 2010. It is the only city in Floyd County not to be included in the National Register of Historic Places. The town has a post office with a ZIP code of 7053. It also has a library with a circulation of 2,000 books and a community center with a capacity for 1,000 people. It was the site of the first post office in the state of Kentucky, opening in 1881. The post office closed in 1883. It reopened in 1894. It closed in 1901. It re-opened in 1910, when the post office was moved to a new location in the town of Wayland, Kentucky. The current post office has been open since 1913.

Education

The city's public schools are operated by the Floyd County Schools system. Most students residing in Wayland attend: Duff-Allen Central Elementary School and Floyd Central High School. The city is home to the Wayland Lions Club, which has been around since the 1800s. The Wayland Police Department is based in the city and has been in charge of Wayland since the 1950s. Wayland has a population of 2,000 people, the majority of whom live in or near the city's downtown area. It is the only city in Floyd County to have a city hall, police station, fire station, and ambulance station in its city limits. It also has a high school, a middle school, and an elementary school, all of which are open to the public. The town's high school is located in the center of the city, near the intersection of two main roads. The high school was founded in the early 20th century and is called Floyd Central. It was the first high school in the state, and it is now the only high school for Wayland's students. It opened in 1961. It has a campus that is open to all students, including those who live in the surrounding areas. The school is also home to a community center, which was built in the 1970s and is known as the "Wayland Civic Center" It is located on the former site of the former Wayland High School, which opened in the 1980s and became the town's first elementary school.

Demographics

At the 2000 census there were 298 people, 118 households, and 86 families living in the city. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.07. The age distribution was 26.5% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% 65 or older. The median household income was $14,688 and the median family income is $20,938. The per capita income for the city was $7,886. About 59.6% of the population was below the poverty line, including 36.7% of those sixty five or over. The city is located on the U.S.-Mexico border and was once part of the Mexican state of Baja California. It is now part of California and has a population of about 2,000. It was once the site of the Baja National Park, which is now a National Park Service site. The town is now home to the University of California, San Diego, which was founded in 1883. The U.C.S. Department of Health and Human Services is based in the town, and has an office in the nearby town of Bakersfield. It has been home to a number of military installations, including the Army, Air Force, and Navy, since the early 20th century. It also has a National Guard base, which dates back to the late 1800s.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Wayland, Floyd County, Kentucky = 87. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 80. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 90. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Wayland = 4.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 57,434 individuals with a median age of 37.2 age the population dropped by -7.05% in Wayland, Floyd County, Kentucky population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 143.65 residents per square mile of area (55.45/km²). There are average 2.37 people per household in the 117 households with an average household income of $22,098 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 12.80% of the available work force and has dropped -3.28% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 20.64%. The number of physicians in Wayland per 100,000 population = 148.4.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Wayland = 45.1 inches and the annual snowfall = 6.3 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 136. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 172. 89 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 25.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 41, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Wayland, Floyd County, Kentucky which are owned by the occupant = 62.12%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 63 years with median home cost = $44,250 and home appreciation of 0.09%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $6.63 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $4,540 per student. There are 15.6 students for each teacher in the school, 493 students for each Librarian and 458 students for each Counselor. 1.61% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 3.76% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Wayland's population in Floyd County, Kentucky of 10,245 residents in 1900 has increased 5,61-fold to 57,434 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.35% female residents and 47.65% male residents live in Wayland, Floyd County, Kentucky.

    As of 2020 in Wayland, Floyd County, Kentucky are married and the remaining 35.24% are single population.

  • 27.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Wayland require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    88.24% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 10.59% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Wayland, Floyd County, Kentucky, 62.12% are owner-occupied homes, another 26.52% are rented apartments, and the remaining 11.36% are vacant.

  • The 29.87% of the population in Wayland, Floyd County, Kentucky who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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