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Arkansas City

  •   State: 
    Cowley County
    Arkansas City
      County FIPS: 
    37°04′22″N 97°02′19″W
      Area total: 
    9.34 sq mi (24.18 km²)
      Area land: 
    9.32 sq mi (24.13 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.02 sq mi (0.05 km²)
    1,086 ft (331 m)
    1870; Incorporated 1884
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Winfield, KS
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,300 residents per square mile of area (500/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 11,974. The name of this city is not pronounced like the nearby state of Arkansas, but rather as (the final "s" is pronounced) The city sits on the site of an ancestral Wichita city, Etzanoa, which flourished from 1450 to 1700 and had an estimated population of 20,000. In 1601, New Mexico Governor Juan de Oñate led an expedition across the Great Plains and found a large settlement of Indians he called Rayados. Extensive remains of Indian settlements have been found along six miles (9.7 km) of the Walnut River. The Rayados were the ancestors of the Indians later called Wichita. At the turn of the century, Arkansas City was a rival to Wichita in size and enterprise, boasting several busy rail lines, an elegant opera house, numerous fine hotels, a manufacturing base and a bustling agricultural economy. The city's official fall festival, Arkalalah, was inaugurated in 1928. This annual event still draws thousands of visitors each October, and features a queen, a carnival, dozens of homegrown fair food vendors and a spectacular parade typically lasting two hours or more. In the 1980s, a retired Santa Fe steam locomotive was dedicated in Wilson Park, where it remains today. In 1996, Total Petroleum closed their refinery with a loss of 170 jobs. By 2003, other large employers in Cowley County closed operations with a combined loss of 973 jobs.


Arkansas City is the primary city name, but also Parkerfield are acceptable city names or spellings, Silverdale on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. Present-day Arkansas City sits on the site of an ancestral Wichita city, Etzanoa, which flourished from 1450 to 1700 and had an estimated population of 20,000. In 1601, New Mexico Governor Juan de Oñate led an expedition across the Great Plains and found a large settlement of Indians he called Rayados. Extensive remains of Indian settlements have been found along six miles (9.7 km) of the Walnut River. Wichita settlements from the 18th century are also found a few miles south of Arkansas City on the west bank of the Arkansas River. Arkansas City grew steadily through the latter part of the 19th century, and enjoyed a population explosion starting in 1891, when thousands of people moved into the area in anticipation of the Cherokee Strip Land Run. In 1996 Total Petroleum closed their refinery in Arkansas City with a loss of 170 jobs. By 2003 other large employers in Cowley County closed operations. The city is now home to a meat-of-the-art processor which employs over 1100 workers. Several smaller manufacturing companies are expanding their operations. Both cities, only 11 miles (18 km) apart, now have large-Mart-center stores (Wal-Mart Super-center opened in March 2006, and another has been constructed in Burfield in March 2007. Both towns are now conversely, both towns have been conversely re-named Burfield and Arkansas City (in Arkansas City, only Burfield has been named Wal-Mart).


Arkansas City is situated along the northern bank of the Arkansas River. It is located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Wichita. Winfield, the county seat, is 13 miles (21 km) north of Arkansas City along US-77. Arkansas City has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. The city has a total area of 9.38 square miles (24.29 km²), of which 9.36 square miles [24.24 km²] is land and 0.02 sq miles (0.05 km²) is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Arkansas City is located in the humid sub-tropical region of the United States. It has a warm-summer humid climate, with highs of around 100 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) and lows of around 70 degrees (22 degrees F) in the mid- to high- to low-teens. The average annual rainfall in the city is about 2.5 inches (6.5 meters) and the city has an average monthly rainfall of 1.7 inches (4.4 meters) per year. The town has a population of 1,816 (36.7 percent) and an average annual precipitation of 2.2 inches (7.7 centimeters) per month. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the city's population at 1,788 (36 percent) in 2013.


As of the census of 2010, there were 12,415 people, 4,802 households, and 3,030 families residing in the city. There were 5,646 housing units at an average density of 603.2 per square mile (232.9/km²) The racial makeup of the city was 79.4% White, 3.9% African American, 2.7% Native American, 0.6% Asian,0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.7%. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.3% of the population. The city's median income was $29,158, and the median income for a family was $39,962. The per capita income for theCity was $15,933. About 12.4%. of families and 16.4. of the residents were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 14.5%. of those aged 65 or over. The median age in the City was 33.8 years. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07. In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.7. under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 24.3%. from 25 to 44, 20.9%. from 45 to 64, and 17.9. who were 65 years of age or older. The City's median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 88.3 males.


Cowley College, formerly Cowley County Community College, is located between 1st and 4th streets, and Central and Adams Avenues in Ark City. Cowley is a community college and vocational/technical school with more than 68 majors and degree possibilities. Other campuses include: Aviation Tech Center (Wichita, KS), Allied Health Center (Winfield,KS), Career & Technical Education Center (Mulvane, KS) Webb-Brown is located on the Eastern corner of 3rd and Washington, replacing the former Ark City Junior High School. The community is served by Arkansas City USD 470 public school district. Professor H. B. Norton first hosted a school in his home when Arkansas City was first established. The public school system began development in 1872. The college also owns one of the old high school buildings (Ireland Hall), which houses its criminal justice and cosmetology classes. The most recent building, Webb- Brown, is Located on theEastern corner of 2nd and 3rd streets, replacing. the former Arkansas City Junior high School. (Beginning in 1922 in the basement of Arkansas City High School.) The college celebrates 85 years of innovation and excellence in 2007. It also owns four separate dormitories: Storbeck, Kirke W. Dale, Docking, and Kimmell. It is located in Arkansas City, Kansas, and has a satellite campus in Winfield, Kansas. It has a campus in Wichita, Kansas and a satellite center in Mulvane.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas = 87. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 60. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 39. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Arkansas City = 4.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 11,974 individuals with a median age of 36.4 age the population dropped by -9.10% in Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,300 residents per square mile of area (500/km²). There are average 2.33 people per household in the 4,465 households with an average household income of $33,629 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.80% of the available work force and has dropped -3.84% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 25.52%. The number of physicians in Arkansas City per 100,000 population = 90.9.


The annual rainfall in Arkansas City = 34.9 inches and the annual snowfall = 7.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 78. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 224. 93 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 29, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas which are owned by the occupant = 51.54%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 58 years with median home cost = $56,830 and home appreciation of 0.44%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $13.70 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,059 per student. There are 12.7 students for each teacher in the school, 311 students for each Librarian and 492 students for each Counselor. 9.05% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 10.29% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 4.47% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Arkansas City's population in Cowley County, Kansas of 6,140 residents in 1900 has increased 1,95-fold to 11,974 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.65% female residents and 47.35% male residents live in Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas.

    As of 2020 in Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas are married and the remaining 42.72% are single population.

  • 18.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Arkansas City require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    80.00% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.45% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.27% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.81% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas, 51.54% are owner-occupied homes, another 27.69% are rented apartments, and the remaining 20.77% are vacant.

  • The 50.53% of the population in Arkansas City, Cowley County, Kansas who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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