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Des Plaines

City of Des Plaines

  •   State: 
    Illinois
      County: 
    Cook County
      City: 
    Des Plaines
      County FIPS: 
    17031
      Coordinates: 
    42°02′02″N 87°53′59″W
      Area total: 
    14.38 sq mi (37.26 km²)
      Area land: 
    14.24 sq mi (36.88 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.15 sq mi (0.38 km²)
      Elevation: 
    642 ft (196 m)
      Established: 
    1800; Settled early 1800s; Incorporated 1869
  •   Latitude: 
    42,0236
      Longitude: 
    -87,9005
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    60016
    60017
    60018
      GMAP: 

    Des Plaines, Cook County, Illinois, United States

  •   Population: 
    60,675
      Population density: 
    4,261.48 residents per square mile of area (1,645.36/km²)
      Household income: 
    $62,294
      Households: 
    21,867
      Unemployment rate: 
    10.40%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    8.75%
      Income taxes: 
    3.00%

Des Plaines is a suburb of Chicago and is located just north of O'Hare International Airport. It is situated on and is named after the Des Plaines River, which runs through the city just east of its downtown area. The city was the site of Ray Kroc's first McDonald's franchise, which opened in 1955. On July 29th, 2022, the third largest winning lotto ticket in US history valued at $1.34 billion was sold at a Speedway gas station in Desplaines. The winning ticket holder has not come forward or been identified as of November 2022. The name of the city is derived from an 18th-century French sycamore tree, which resembles the European plane tree. The area is traversed by two interstate highways, the Tri-State Tollway and I-90 (the Northwest Tollway) The city has a total area of 14.38 square miles (3688 km²), of which 98.98% is land and 0.02% is water. The population was 60,675 as of the 2020 census, and it is expected to grow to 60,000 by the 2021 census. It has a population of 2,856 (or 98% of the population) in the city's downtown area, and 2,788 (or 0.2%) in the rest of the area. It was the scene of the 1979 crash of American Airlines Flight 191, in which all 271 people on board the aircraft died. The building has since been demolished.

History

Des Plaines is the primary city name, but also Rosemont are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Des Plaines. Des Plaines was the site of Ray Kroc's first McDonald's franchise, which opened in 1955. The city experienced rapid growth after World War II and with the opening of nearby O'Hare International Airport. The third largest winning lotto ticket in US history valued at $1.34 billion was sold at a Speedway gas station in Des Plaines on July 29th, 2022. As of November 2022, the winning ticket holder has not come forward or been identified. French explorers and missionaries arrived in the 1600s in what was then the Illinois Country of New France. They named the waterway La Rivière des Plaines (English translation: "Plains River") as they felt that trees on the river resembled European plane trees. The first white settlers came from the eastern U.S. in 1833, after the 1833 Treaty of Chicago was negotiated, followed by many German immigrants during the 1840s and '50s. In 2008, the Illinois Gaming Board awarded the state's 10th casino license to Midwest Gaming and Entertainment LLC to build a 140,000-square-foot (13,000 m2) casino on approximately 21 acres (85,000m2) adjacent to the Tri-State Tollway. In July 2011, the casino opened in July 2011 as Rivers Casino. The restaurant was demolished in 1984, and a replica was built on the site as a museum dedicated to McDonald's history. In 2017, McDonald's announced plans to demolish the building due to repeated flooding. The building has since been demolished.

Geography

Des Plaines is named for the Des Plaines River, which flows through it. The name is from 18th-century French referencing the American sycamore, which resembles the European plane tree. The town has a total area of 14.38 square miles (37.24 km²), of which 98.98% is land and 0.15 sq mi (0.39 km²) is water. It is traversed by two interstate highways: I-90 (the Northwest Tollway) and I-294 (the Tri-State Tollway). The largest unincorporated areas are in the O'Hare area and east of the Tri- state Tollway. The city limits have their own numbering system. As sections become incorporated, they take on the city numbering system, for instance in 2003, land at 9661 West Golf Road, Des Plaine, became 2323 East Golf Road, Des Plained, when it was formally incorporated into the city limits. Areas in uninc incorporated Maine Township have Desplaines postal addresses that follow the Chicago numbering system and are referred to as "Plaines" or "Plains" in the city. The area is underlain by an ancient meteorite crater, 75 to 200 feet (23 to 61 m) beneath the town. The bedrock was highly fractured by the impact, with large blocks of sediment upended. The crater was eventually filled by glacial activity, so that no trace now remains on the surface.

Demographics

As of the 2020 census there were 60,675 people, 21,849 households, and 14,785 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 62.42% White, 15.23% Asian, 2.40% African American, 1.01% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 9.24% from other races, and 9.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.53% of the population. The city's age distribution consisted of 20.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 28.7 percent from 45 to 64, and 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median income for a household in theCity was $73,639, and the median income. for a family was $93,205. About 5.0% of families and 7.9% of residents were below the poverty line. The majority of Cook County residents reside in unincorporated areas which use a Des Plaines zip code. These areas are densely populated and consist primarily of high density, multi-family housing with a very high percentage of foreign born residents. In the 2000 census the population of these unincorporated areas of Cook county assigned Des Plaine zip codes was 25,617. This uninc incorporated area has never been a part of theCity of Des Plained.

Economy

Rivers Casino (Des Plaines), Universal Oil Products, Oakton Community College, Sysco Food Services, Juno Lighting, Holy Family Medical Center, Wheels Inc. (passenger car and truck leasing), and LSG Sky Chefs are among the city's largest employers. China Airlines maintains their Chicago office in Des Plaines. It was previously located in Michigan Plaza in the Chicago Loop. The city's 2021 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report is available on the city website. The report also includes a list of the largest employers in the city, as well as the top 10 employers in each of the last five years. It is available for download at http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/features/top-10-employers-in-des-plaines-by-year-21st-annual-financial-report-taken-from- 2021-comprehensive-report.html. For the full report, visit http:// www.chicago-news-trib.org/2013/01/21/2101/chicagos-county-counties-countries-counts-top- employers-by year-2021-comprehensive-reports-took-from 2011-2013-compensation-report and-top 10-employees-in the-last years-trends.

Arts and culture

Big Bend Lake, a 27-acre (11 ha) lake linked to the Des Plaines River by a spillway and a fishing destination.Des Plaines Methodist Camp Ground, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, predates the city (founded 1860) Maryville Academy, center for under-privileged children, hosts the Chicagoland Sports Hall of Fame. The city is home to the Chicago Cubs, Chicago Blackhawks, Chicago Cubs Band, Chicago Bulls, Chicago Bears, and Chicago Cubs ownership. The Chicago Public Library is the oldest public library in the United States, and was established in 1872. The Des Plaine Theater is a historic 1925 movie theater. The town is also home to a number of cultural institutions, including the Chicago History Museum and the Chicago Museum of Ice and Science, and the Illinois State Museum. It is also the home of the Chicago Bears hockey team, the Chicago Bulls baseball team, and many other sports teams, including Chicago Cubs and Chicago Blackhawks. The community is also known for its art, music, theater, and film. It has been home to many artists, musicians, actors, and writers. It also hosts the Chicago Children's Museum, which was founded in 1854. It was named after a pioneer of the city in the 19th century, and is still active every summer with concerts, day camps, swimming & recreation, picnics, etc. In the city's history, it was known as "The City of the Stars" for its colorful architecture and architecture.

Education

Oakton Community College, opened in 1969; a community college with campuses in Skokie and Des Plaines. Public school districts include: District 62, District 59 and District 63; high school: District 207 with Maine West High School.Private schools include: private schools; private high schools: Maine West and Lakeview High School; private schools: Lakeview Christian School, Lake Zurich High School and Lake Shore Christian School. The University of Illinois at Chicago has campuses in Chicago, Chicago Heights, Evanston and Evanston. The Illinois Institute of Technology is in Evanston; the University of Chicago at Chicago is in Chicago; the Illinois State University in Chicago is also in Chicago. The Chicago College of Art and Design is in the Chicago suburb of Glencoe; the College of Arts and Sciences is in Glencoe. The College of Science and Technology in Chicago was founded in 1973; it is a state-funded institution. The U of C in Chicago offers a business program; the U of W in Chicago has a business school; the college has a journalism program. The university's business school is in Urbana-Champaign; it opened in 1978. The college's business program is in downtown Chicago; it has campuses across the city and in Chicago's suburbs. The school's business programs are in Chicago and in the suburbs; it also has a program in Chicago-Lakewood and Chicago-LaGrange. The campus in Lake Zurich is in Lakewood; the campus in LaGrange is in La Grange, Illinois; the school has a satellite campus in Geneva.

Infrastructure

Major highways in Des Plaines include: I-290, I-355, and I-88. The city is located on the Illinois River, which runs through the town. Des Plaine is also home to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, which was founded in 1883. Desplaines is located in the Chicago area's eastern suburbs. The town is located near the Chicago River and the Chicago-Illinois border. It is also known as the birthplace of Chicago Cubs baseball player Lenny Kravitz, who was born and raised in the town of Des Plainese. The community is known for its large population of African-American residents, many of whom have moved to the area from Chicago. The area also has a high percentage of residents who are of African descent. It has a population of 1.6 million people, making it one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the U.S., according to the 2010 census. The majority of the city's residents live in and around the town's central business district, which is known as "the heart of the town" The town has a large percentage of Hispanic residents, with more than 80 percent of the population living in the area's downtown area. The population is also made up of mostly African-Americans, with about 80% of the community living in and near the town center. It's located in an area that has a history of economic growth since the mid-20th century, when the city was founded.

In popular culture

The majority of the hit 1985 film The Breakfast Club was filmed at the now-defunct Maine North High School located in unincorporated Des Plaines. The tree used in the album cover of the 100 Gecs album 1000 GECs is located in Des Plaine. The film was directed by Quentin Tarantino, who also directed "The Godfather" and "Jurassic Park" The film is one of the most successful films of the 1980s and 1990s. It was released in the U.S. on November 25, 1985. The movie was based on the novel "The Breakfast Club" by Stephen King. The novel was written by Steve Martin and Stephen King, who were students at the high school at the time. The book was published by Simon & Schuster, which is based on a book by the same name, "The The Godfather: Part II", which was published in 1986. It is the first novel by the author to be published in English since the first edition of the book, which was written in 1973. The author was also a student at the school in the 1970s and 1980s, when the book was first published. The first two chapters of the novel were published in 1978 and 1979. The third and fourth chapters were released in 1981 and 1982. The fourth and fifth chapters were written in 1983 and 1984. The fifth and sixth volumes of the first book were published the following year, and the sixth and seventh were in 1984 and 1985.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Des Plaines, Cook County, Illinois = 6.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 31. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Des Plaines = 3.6 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 60,675 individuals with a median age of 42 age the population dropped by -1.60% in Des Plaines, Cook County, Illinois population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 4,261.48 residents per square mile of area (1,645.36/km²). There are average 2.59 people per household in the 21,867 households with an average household income of $62,294 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.40% of the available work force and has dropped -4.37% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 20.86%. The number of physicians in Des Plaines per 100,000 population = 255.4.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Des Plaines = 32 inches and the annual snowfall = 23.5 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 126. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 187. 86 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 12 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 47, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Des Plaines, Cook County, Illinois which are owned by the occupant = 75.92%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 44 years with median home cost = $193,250 and home appreciation of -16.05%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $16.10 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,604 per student. There are 16.7 students for each teacher in the school. 4325.92% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 16.66% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.09% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Des Plaines's population in Cook County, Illinois of 1,666 residents in 1900 has increased 36,42-fold to 60,675 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.35% female residents and 48.65% male residents live in Des Plaines, Cook County, Illinois.

    As of 2020 in Des Plaines, Cook County, Illinois are married and the remaining 42.22% are single population.

  • 29.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Des Plaines require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    79.63% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.93% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 6.84% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.40% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Des Plaines, Cook County, Illinois, 75.92% are owner-occupied homes, another 20.74% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.34% are vacant.

  • The 56.06% of the population in Des Plaines, Cook County, Illinois who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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