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Stockton

  •   State: 
    California
      County: 
    San Joaquin County
      City: 
    Stockton
      County FIPS: 
    06077
      Coordinates: 
    37°58′32″N 121°18′03″W
      Area total: 
    65.25 sq mi
      Area land: 
    62.17 sq mi (161.02 km²)
      Area water: 
    3.08 sq mi (7.99 km²)
      Elevation: 
    13 ft (4 m)
      Established: 
    Incorporated July 23, 1850
  •   Latitude: 
    38,0003
      Longitude: 
    -121,3194
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Stockton, CA
      Timezone: 
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 
    95201
    95202
    95203
    95204
    95205
    95206
    95207
    95208
    95209
    95210
    95211
    95212
    95213
    95215
    95219
    95267
    95269
      GMAP: 

    Stockton, San Joaquin County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
    320,804
      Population density: 
    4,900 residents per square mile of area (1,900/km²)
      Household income: 
    $44,839
      Households: 
    93,962
      Unemployment rate: 
    19.40%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    8.00%
      Income taxes: 
    9.30%

Stockton was founded by Carlos Maria Weber in 1849 after he acquired Rancho Campo de los Franceses. The city is named after Robert F. Stockton, and it was the first community in California to have a name not of Spanish or Native American origin. The University of the Pacific (UOP), chartered in 1851, is the oldest university in California, and has been located in Stockton since 1923. In 2012, Stockton filed for what was then the largest municipal bankruptcy in US history. It was named an All-America City in 1999, 2004, and 2015 and again in 2017. It is situated in California's San Joaquin Valley, a subregion of the Central Valley. In and around Stockton are thousands of miles of waterways that make up the California Delta. State Route 4 and the dredged SanJoaquin River connect the city with the San Francisco Bay Area to its west, creating the Stockton Deepwater Shipping Channel. The Siskiyou Trail was a centuries-old Native American footpath that led through the Sacramento Valley over the Cascades and into present-day Oregon. The City of Stockton is the 11th largest city in California and the 58thlargest city in the United States. It has a population of 1.2 million, according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau. Its population was 1.3 million in the 2010 Census. It's located on the San Joaquin River in the northern San Joquin Valley.

Geography

Stockton is the primary city name, but also Morada are acceptable city names or spellings, Stkn on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. Stockton is situated amidst the farmland of California's San Joaquin Valley, a subregion of the Central Valley. In and around Stockton are thousands of miles of waterways that make up the California Delta. State Route 5 and State Route 99, inland California's major northsouth highways, pass through the city. The Stockton Deepwater Shipping Channel connects the city with the San Francisco Bay Area to its west. Stockton and Sacramento are California's only inland sea ports. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city occupies a total area of 64.8 square miles (168 km²) of which 61.7 square miles is land and 3.1 sq miles (8.0 km²), comprising 4.76% of the city's total area. The city is located in the Central Coast region of California, which is home to the Sacramento Valley and the San Luis Obispo County region of the Northern California region. It is the only city in the state to be located in both the inland and coastal regions of the state, with the exception of Sacramento, where it is only in the coastal region. The City of Stockton is located on the eastern edge of the San Diego Bay, and the city is on the northern tip of the Bakersfield Bay region, in the northern San Diego County area. It has a population of 2.2 million, and is the second-largest city in California, after San Francisco, behind only San Francisco. It was the site of the Battle of the Alamo, which took place in 1881.

History

Stockton was first community in California to have a name that was neither Spanish nor Native American in origin. During the California Gold Rush, the San Joaquin River was navigable by ocean-going vessels, making Stockton a natural inland seaport. Thousands of Chinese came to Stockton from the Kwangung province of China during the 1850s. Exclusion Act of 1882, restricted immigration and prevented the Chinese from buying property. The Lincoln Hotel, built in 1920 by the Wong brothers on South Dorado Street, was considered one of Stockton's finest hotels. The city was officially incorporated on July 23, 1920, and was named after Commodore Robert F. Stockton, the first American-born Commodore of the California Navy. The Stockton Channel is now the city's main waterway, and it was once home to the Yatchicumne, a branch of the Northern Valley Yokuts Indians. The Siskiyou Trail, a centuries-old Native American footpath that led through the Sacramento Valley over the Cascades and into present-day Oregon, began in the northern SanJoaquin Valley. It was followed by the Sacramento-San Joaquin Valley Trail. The Sacramento-Sacramento Valley Trail, which led to the San Francisco Bay, was also used by the San Jose-San Francisco Bay Trail and the Los Angeles-San Diego Trail. In the 19th century, Stockton was known as "Weberville," "Fat City," "Mudville" and "California's Sunrise Seaport".

Economy

Stockton has two shopping malls, located adjacent to each other: Weberstown Mall and Sherwood Mall. The city led the U.S. in foreclosures for that year, with one of every 30 homes posted for foreclosure. Stockton was rated by Forbes in 2009 as America's fifth most dangerous city because of its crime rate. In 2010, Forbes named it one of the three worst places to live in the United States.Stockton housing prices fell 39% in the 2008 fiscal year, and the city had the country's highest foreclosure rate (9.5%) as well. Voters approved a 34-cent sales tax on November 5, 2013, to help fund the bankruptcy exit. On October 30, 2014, a federal bankruptcy judge approved the city's bankruptcy recovery plan, thus allowing the city to continue with the planned pension payments to retired workers. On February 25, 2015, the city exited from Chapter 9 bankruptcy on February 25. The Stockton Experiment in Guaranteed Basic Income is a pilot project that gave a $500 stipend to 125 randomly selected residents for an 24-month period with no strings attached. It was made possible by the Economic Security Project, an advocacy group chaired by Facebook co-founder Chris Hughes. The positive benefits of the program during the first year were described in an interim report published in March 2021. It has the only Dillard's in the Northern California region at the Weberstown mall, as well as one of three Sears stores still operating in theNorthern California region.

Climate

Stockton lies in the fertile heart of the California Mediterranean climate prairie delta, about equidistant from the Pacific Ocean and the Sierra Nevada. In an average year, nearly 95% of the 13.45 inches (341.6 mm) of precipitation falls from October through April. There are an average of 88 afternoons annually with high temperatures of 90 °F (32.2 °C) or higher. The wettest "rain year" was from July 1982 to June 1983 with 27.89 inches (708.4 mm) and the driest from July 1975 to June 1976 with 5.71 inches (145.0 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 8.22 inches (208.8 mm) in February 1998 and the most rain in 24 hours was 3.01 inches (76.5 mm) on January 21, 1967. Only light amounts of snow have been recorded, and the only instance of measurable snowfall occurred on February 5, 1976, with 0.3 in (0.8 cm) measured. The intermediate climate between the coast and the Central Valley gives a similar climate to that of Badajoz, Spain. The highest recorded temperature was 115°F (46°C) on July 23, 2006 and September 6, 2022 and the lowest was 16 °F on January 11, 1949. 19 mornings see low temperatures at or below freezing, and there are anAverage of 56.5 days with measurable precipitation in Stockton.

Demographics

The 2010 US Census reported that Stockton had a population of 291,707. The racial makeup of Stockton was 108,044 (37.0%) white (22.1% non-Hispanic white), 35,548 (12.2%) African American, 3,086 (1.1%) Native American, 62,716 (21.5%) Asian (7.2% Filipino, 3.5% Cambodian, 2.0% Hmong, 1.8% Chinese, 0.6% Laotian), 1,822 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 60,332 (20.7%) from other races, and 20,159 (6.9%) from two or more races. There were 99,637 housing units at an average density of 1,538.7 per square mile (594.1/km²), of which 46,738 were owner-occupied, and 43,867 (48.4%) were occupied by renters. Stockton has been subject to a series of negative national rankings:. Forbes magazine ranked Stockton the eighth most miserable US city, largely as a result of the steep drop in home values. In 2012 the Insurance Crime Bureau ranked stockton seventh in auto theft rate per capita in the US. In 2013, Stockton ranked as the third least literate U.S. city, with less than 17% of adults holding a college degree, and the second most dangerous city in California.

Culture

The University of the Pacific in San Francisco is one of the oldest colleges in the U.S. It is home to a number of music-related institutions, including the University of California, San Francisco. The University of San Francisco was founded in 1858. It was the first college in the United States to offer a degree in music. The university is also home to the San Francisco Museum of Natural History, which was established in 1881. The museum is located in the heart of the city, and is open to the public on weekdays. It has a collection of more than 2,000 works of art, many of them from the 19th and 20th century. The Museum's collection includes works by famous artists such as Picasso, Mathewson, Van Gogh, and others. It also includes a large collection of photographs, including some from the 1930s and 1940s. The library is located on the second floor of a building that was built in the early 1900s in the center of the town. The first floor of the building is on the third floor, which is where the public can access the library. The fourth floor is the library’s main entrance, and the fifth floor has a gallery. The fifth floor is a public space that is used for public events, such as concerts. The sixth floor is for private functions. The seventh floor is an open-air gallery that houses a small library, including a cafe, a library, a restaurant, a theater, and a library.

City government

Stockton is the seat of San Joaquin County, which is defined as a general law county. The current form of government is a city manager council. In 2012, Stockton was the 10th most dangerous city in America. In 2013, violent crime lessened to 1,230.3 crimes per 100,000 population, making it 19th on the list of the most dangerous cities. The city cut its police force by more than 20% during the 2008 subprime mortgage crisis, but voters approved a sales tax on November 5, 2013, that provided funds to hire an additional 120 police officers. The Cleveland Elementary School shooting received national news coverage and is sometimes referred to as the Cleveland School massacre. The Stockton Fire Department was first rated as a Class 1 fire department by the Insurance Services Office in 1971. In 2005, all 13 of the city's stations met the National Fire Protection Association standard of a 5-minute response time. In 2009, it had 13 fire stations and over 275 career personnel. As of 2016, the department consists of 12 firehouses that house 12 Engine Companies and three Truck Companies. The department is one of the busiest in the United States. The City Council consists of the following members as of January 1, 2021:Kevin Lincoln, Sol Jobrack, Paul Canepa, Susan Lenz, Kimberly Warmsley, and Christina Fugazi. The county government is primarily composed of the elected five-member Board of Supervisors and other elected offices including the Sheriff, District Attorney, and Assessor.

Transportation

Stockton is located at the "crossroads" of the Central Valley. The city is connected to the rest of the nation through a network of railways. The Port of Stockton is a fully operating seaport approximately 75 nautical miles (86 mi; 139 km) east of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco. The airport has been designated a Foreign Trade Zone and is mainly used by manufacturing and agricultural companies for shipping purposes. Since airline deregulation, passenger service has come and gone several times. Domestic service resumed on June 16, 2006, with service to Las Vegas by Allegiant Air. Air service to Phoenix began in September 2007. Ground transportation is available from Hertz, Enterprise, Yellow Cab and Aurora Limousine. In 2006 Aeromexico had plans to provide flights to and from Guadalajara, Mexico, but the airport's plan to build a customs station at the airport was initially rejected by the customs service. A grade separation project to elevate the Union Pacific over the BNSF line is planned to be completed by 2026. The Stockton Diamond was the busiest interchange point in the state by 2020. The port operates a 4,200-acre (17 km²) transportation center with berthing space for 17 vessels up to 900 feet (270 m) in length. As of 2014, the port had 136 tenants and is served by B NSF & UP Railroads. It also includes 1.1 million square feet (102,000 m2) of dockside transit sheds and shipside rail track and 715,000m2 of warehousing.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Stockton, San Joaquin County, California = 14.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 35. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 20. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Stockton = 5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 320,804 individuals with a median age of 30.8 age the population grows by 21.19% in Stockton, San Joaquin County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 4,900 residents per square mile of area (1,900/km²). There are average 3.09 people per household in the 93,962 households with an average household income of $44,839 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 19.40% of the available work force and has dropped -3.24% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 14.12%. The number of physicians in Stockton per 100,000 population = 131.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Stockton = 16 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 54. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 257. 93 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 36.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 56, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Stockton, San Joaquin County, California which are owned by the occupant = 52.72%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 30 years with median home cost = $131,270 and home appreciation of -14.78%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $8.07 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,009 per student. There are 18.5 students for each teacher in the school, 4514 students for each Librarian and 555 students for each Counselor. 8.18% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 11.25% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 4.96% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Stockton's population in San Joaquin County, California of 17,506 residents in 1900 has increased 18,33-fold to 320,804 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.15% female residents and 48.85% male residents live in Stockton, San Joaquin County, California.

    As of 2020 in Stockton, San Joaquin County, California are married and the remaining 44.71% are single population.

  • 29.7 minutes is the average time that residents in Stockton require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    74.22% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 17.50% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.82% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.39% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Stockton, San Joaquin County, California, 52.72% are owner-occupied homes, another 41.89% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.40% are vacant.

  • The 37.27% of the population in Stockton, San Joaquin County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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