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City of Encinitas

  •   State: 
    San Diego County
      County FIPS: 
    33°2′40″N 117°16′18″W
      Area total: 
    20.16 sq mi (52.21 km²)
      Area land: 
    19.06 sq mi (49.35 km²)
      Area water: 
    1.10 sq mi (2.85 km²)
    82 ft (25 m)
    Incorporated October 1, 1986
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, CA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Encinitas, San Diego County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    3,100 residents per square mile of area (1,200/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Encinitas (Spanish for "Small Oaks") is a beach city in the North County area of San Diego County, California. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 59,518, up from 58,014 at the 2000 census. The first people to settle in Encinitas were the Kumeyaay. The city's elevation ranges between sea level and 402 feet (123 m) above sea level. It is located between Solana Beach and Carlsbad, and about 95 miles (153 km) south of Los Angeles. It can be divided into five areas: Old, New, Leucadia, Cardiff-by-the-Sea, Olivenhain and Cardiff-By-The-Sea. In the north of the city, the coast rises in elevation and the land is raised up in the form of many coastal bluffs. These cliffs are subject to collapsing on the narrow beach. During the winter, strong Pacific storms can bring heavy rain and heavy water to the area. The dry season lasts from summer through fall, with average daytime temperatures ranging from 75 °F to 85 °F, and nighttime lows being from the upper 50s to the upper 60s. It has a very mild, Mediterranean climate. Temperatures below 40 °F (4 °C) are rare. Average rainfall is about 10 inches (250 mm) per year. The rain and marine layer are common in winter and spring, when temperatures are usually cool. In May and June, Gray/June Gloom are common when temperatures hit 65 °F.


The first people to settle in Encinitas were the Kumeyaay. After Mexican Independence, land was granted to Andrés Ybarra in 1842 to build Rancho LasEncinitas. The town of Old Encinit as formed in 1881 by Jabez Pitcher. The city was incorporated by 69.3% of the voters in 1986 from the communities of historic EncinitAs, Leucadia, Cardiff-by-the-Sea, and Olivenhain. The communities retain their identities and distinctive flavors. The name of the city is derived from the Spanish word for "little oaks" which means " oak forest" or "oak grove". The city is named after the village of Jeyal or Heyal, near the San Elijo Lagoon, which was also known as Hakutl or "Hakutl" in the past. It is located in the eastern part of Baja California, on the coast of the San Joaquin River. It has a population of about 2,000. It was founded in 1769 by Gaspar de Portolá, who visited the area during the 1769-1770 Baja expedition. He named the valley Los Encinos for the oak forest along El Camino Real, where there was also a village that was likely known ashakutl in New Encinitis. The village was later called Jeyaay, or "Jeya" in Spanish, and later "Heyal".


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.0 square miles (52 km²) The city's elevation ranges between sea level and 402 feet (123 m) above sea level. Encinitas has a very mild, Mediterranean climate. Average daily high temperature is 72 °F (22 °C) and average rainfall is about 10 inches (250 mm) per year. The wet season lasts during the winter and spring, when temperatures are usually cool. In winter, strong Pacific storms can bring heavy rain. During the winter of 2015-2016, the area saw rounds of severe thunderstorms. The dry season lasts from summer through fall, with average daytime temperatures ranging from 75 to 85 °F, and nighttime lows being from the upper 50s60s°F. The city is bounded by Batiquitos Lagoon to the north and San Elijo Lagoonto the south. In the north of the city, the coast rises in elevation and the land is raised up in the form of many coastal bluffs. These cliffs are subject to collapsing on the narrow beach. The area is bisected by a low-lying coastal ridge that separates New and Old Encinit as. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the city to have a population of 1.2 million (1.3 million people) in 2014. The population of EncinitAs is 1.4 million (0.7 million) in 2013. The number of people living in the city is expected to rise to 1.6 million by 2016.


As of the census of 2000, there were 58,014 people in 22,830 households, including 14,291 families, in the city. Females comprise the majority of Encinitas' population at 50.5% as of April 2010. There were 25,740 housing units at an average density of 1,287.7 per square mile, of the occupied units 15,187 (63.1%) were owner-occupied and 8,895 (36.9%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate is 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. The median income for a household in thecity was $34,336, and for a family the median income was $78,336. The racial makeup of the city was 86.60% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 3.10% Asian, 3,10% Pacific Islander, 6.28% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 14.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The city's population was 59,518 at the 2010 census, with 58,990 people living in households, 123 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 405 (0,7%) were institutionalized. The average household size was 2.45. The age distribution was 12,285 people (20.6%) under the age of 18, 3,767 people (6.3%) aged 18 to 24, 16,584 people (27.9) aged 25 to 44, 19,239 people (32.3) aged 45 to 64, and 7,643 people (12.8%) who were 65 or older.

Arts and culture

Encinitas is a small city in San Diego County, California. It is home to the Cardiff Kook, a 16 ft bronze statue of a kook. The Wavecrest Woodie Meet is the largest rally of wooden-bodied vehicles in the world. Encinitas Ballet was established in 2008 by Sayat Asatryan, former principal dancer of the Kremlin Ballet Theatre, and Olga Tchekachova, former soloist of the Mariinsky Ballet II. In 2011 Mark Patterson and Robert Nichols illegally installed a 10 by 10 feet (3 m × 3 m) mosaic of a surfing Virgin de Guadalupe on the north concrete support wall of the train bridge. The Magic Carpet Ride is a 16ft bronze statue located in Cardiff-by-the-Sea, in the city of Encinit as. A bronze statue "Humanity" was installed at J Street Overview in 2018. The city has many wonderful traditions associated with it, such as a lucha libre mask, being eaten by a shark, wearing a full Sam-mache costume for Independence Day, and bringing local high school students to ask other tourists to ask each other dances. The nickname comes from a derogatory surfer slang term for a "wannabe" surfer, as surfers in the area realized that the form's form whilst "surfing" was far from correct. It has become a local favorite in the local city and has been awarded the Kook an Onion in 2007.


Downtown Encinitas is vibrant and full of thriving local salons, restaurants, shops, bars, and art galleries. Since 1982, the Encinit as 101 Main Street Association has helped keep downtown economically viable yet historic and beachy. Visit for more information on how to get involved with the association.


Coaster trains stop at Encinitas station multiple times a day, 7 days a week with service from Oceanside to San Diego. Between 2013 and 2017, Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner also stopped here, but discontinued this stop due to low ridership. The station is located on the San Diego-Oceanside border. It is located at the intersection of Interstate 5 and Interstate 15. The train station was built in the early 1900s and is located in the heart of the town. It was originally built as a stop for the San Francisco-bound San Francisco Bay Railroad. It has since been converted into a train station and a bus stop for San Diego County residents and visitors to the area. It also serves as a tourist attraction for the town of about 1.5 million people. The town has a population of about 3,000 people, about half of whom live in the town's downtown area, and about 1,500 people in the surrounding areas.


The city is currently governed by a five-member city council, with a mayor and four council members. The mayor is elected citywide and the council members are elected by district to staggered four-year terms at two-year intervals. The deputy mayor is chosen by the city council members from among themselves. In 2012, Encinitas voted yes on ballot measures to allow them to directly elect its mayor, with term lengths of two years, rather than the mayor being chosen for one year terms. The first such direct election for mayor took place in 2014. The city has been repeatedly sued over policies which are allegedly aimed at undermining state affordable housing laws. It is in California's 49th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +4 and is represented by Democrat Mike Levin. In the California State Legislature, it is in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Janet Nguyen, and in the 76th Assembly District,represented by Democrat Tasha Boerner Horvath. It also has a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, which is represented in the 49th district by Republican Mike Levin, who is a member of the California Democratic Party. It was founded in 1858 and is located in the San Diego suburb of Rancho Cucamonga. It has a population of 3,000 and is home to more than 30,000 residents, including 2,000 military personnel and 1,000 veterans. It had a population increase of 1.2 million in the year to June 2012.


The city of Encinitas is home to more than 1,000 schools, colleges, and art schools. The city's schools are divided into several school districts and high schools. It is also home to a number of colleges and art galleries. The district also has a large number of private schools, including private and public elementary and middle schools, as well as a private high school. The school district is divided into three school districts: Cardiff,Encinitas, San Dieguito and San Elijo. It also has an art district, the Watts Atelier of the Arts, and a high school district. The San Diego Unified School District has more than 2,000 students in its high school system. The town's art district has about 1,500 students. It was founded in the 1950s and has been in existence since the 1960s, when it was the city's first art school. It has since expanded to include art galleries, galleries, and other art-related institutions. The community has also had a high number of art galleries and galleries, including a gallery in downtown San Diego, the San Diego Museum of Art, which was established in the 1970s. It now has a gallery at the California Institute for Human Science, which opened in the 1980s. In the 1990s, the city also had an art museum, the California Museum of Arts and Crafts, which is located in San Diego. It opened in 1998. The California Institute of Art and Design, which later moved to San Diego in the 2000s, opened a second art gallery in the city.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Encinitas, San Diego County, California = 5.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 74. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 71. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Encinitas = 5.9 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 62,007 individuals with a median age of 39.7 age the population grows by 6.70% in Encinitas, San Diego County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 3,100 residents per square mile of area (1,200/km²). There are average 2.52 people per household in the 24,308 households with an average household income of $83,657 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.50% of the available work force and has dropped -5.41% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.68%. The number of physicians in Encinitas per 100,000 population = 243.9.


The annual rainfall in Encinitas = 15.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 44. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 263. 88 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 37.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Encinitas, San Diego County, California which are owned by the occupant = 62.02%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 30 years with median home cost = $610,630 and home appreciation of -4.11%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.35 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,812 per student. There are 22.8 students for each teacher in the school, 2588 students for each Librarian and 719 students for each Counselor. 6.62% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 30.14% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 20.13% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Encinitas's population in San Diego County, California of 5,572 residents in 1900 has increased 11,13-fold to 62,007 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.38% female residents and 49.62% male residents live in Encinitas, San Diego County, California.

    As of 2020 in Encinitas, San Diego County, California are married and the remaining 42.90% are single population.

  • 28.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Encinitas require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    76.93% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.40% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 2.78% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 8.00% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Encinitas, San Diego County, California, 62.02% are owner-occupied homes, another 33.22% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.76% are vacant.

  • The 42.69% of the population in Encinitas, San Diego County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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