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El Cajon

City of El Cajon

  •   State: 
    San Diego County
    El Cajon
      County FIPS: 
    32°47′54″N 116°57′36″W
      Area total: 
    14.51 sq mi (37.58 km²)
      Area land: 
    14.51 sq mi (37.58 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.00 km²)
    433 ft (132 m)
    Incorporated November 12, 1912
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, CA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    El Cajon, San Diego County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    7,300 residents per square mile of area (2,800/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

El Cajon is a city in San Diego County, California, United States, 17 mi (27 km) east of downtown San Diego. The city takes its name from Rancho El Cajón, which was in turn named for the box-like shape of the valley that surrounds the city. For the first half of the 20th century, the city was known for its grape, tomato, and citrus agriculture. In the 1960s, Frontier Town, Big Oak Ranch, was a tourist attraction, featuring a typical frontier-town theme park and a periodic shootout. It was incorporated in 1912 as a city, and the name was changed to El Cjon in 1917. It is located on the banks of the San Diego River, which is a tributary of the Coachella River. Its name is derived from the Spanish word for "the box" (el kaxon) and the word "cajon" for "box" or "boxed-in" (cajón) The city's nickname is "the Box" because of the shape of its valley, and because it is located in a valley that is boxed in by foothills, making it difficult for cattle to stray from the valley. The town's name was first recorded on September 10, 1821, as an alternative name for sitio rancho Santa Mónica to describe the 'boxed in' nature of the river valley in which it sat. The name appeared on maps in 1873 and 1875, shortened to "Cajon", until the modern town developed, in which the post office was named "El CJon".


El Cajón, Spanish for "the box", was first recorded on September 10, 1821, as an alternative name for sitio rancho Santa Mónica. The name appeared on maps in 1873 and 1875, shortened to "Cajon", until the modern town developed. In 1905, the name was once again expanded to "El Cafon" under the insistence of California banker and historian Zoeth Skinner Eldredge. The post office was named El Cajon, and the town's name was later shortened to El Café. The town is located in the San Francisco Bay Area, in the northern part of the state of California. It is home to the San Diego Comic-Con, which took place in 2011. The city's name is also the inspiration for the movie "Café" starring Leonardo DiCaprio, who was born in the town in 1821 and grew up there in the mid-20th century. It was named for the "boxed-in" nature of the valley in which it sat. The modern town was named after the post office, which was also named for El Cacao, a town in the same area. It has a population of around 2,000. It also has the name of a former city, San Diego, California, where it was founded in the early 19th century, and was known as "Cacao" until the 1930s, when it was renamed "El Cajón" in honor of the town.


During Spanish rule (1769-1821), the government encouraged settlement of territory now known as California by the establishment of large land grants called ranchos. Land grants were made to the Roman Catholic Church, which set up numerous missions throughout the region. In 1845, California Governor Pio Pico confiscated the lands of Mission San Diego de Alcala. He granted 11 square leagues (about 48,800 acres or 19,700 ha) of the El Cajon Valley to Dona Maria Antonio Estudillo to repay a $500 government obligation. The grant was originally called Rancho Santa Monica and encompassed present-day El C Najon, Bostonia, Santee, Lakeside, Flinn Springs, and the eastern part of La Mesa. In the 1960s and 1970s, Frontier Town, Big Oak Ranch, was a tourist attraction, featuring a typical frontier-town theme park and a periodic simulated shootout. The park closed around 1980 and is being used for residential housing. El C Rajon Speedway was a 70-acre race track (28 ha) that operated from 1961 to 2005, which was founded by Earle Brucker Jr. One of his sons, Steve Brucker, took over ownership of the track. Though closing after the death of Steve Bru Becker, it is a museum museum featuring the original entrance sign with the slogan "The fastest 3/8-mile paved oval in the West" It later later became a museum of the history of the city.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.4 square miles (37 km²), all land. El Cajon straddles areas of Mediterranean climate (Csa) and semiarid climate (BSh) It is often described as "arid Mediterranean" and "semiarid steppe" The record high temperature was 114 °F (46 °C) on September 5, 2020. The wettest month of the year is December with an average rainfall of 3.80 inches (97 mm) The most rainfall in one month was 11.43 inches (290 mm) in January 1993. A rare snowfall in November 1992 totaled 0.3 inches (7.6 mm). Three inches (7.6 cm) of snow covered the ground in January 1882. The average high in the summer ranges from about 80 to 90 °f (27 to 32 °C), with temperatures reaching as high as over 105 °F. The record low temperature was 19 °F [7 °C] on January 8, 1913. It is bordered by San Diego and La Mesa on the west, Spring Valley on the south, Santee on the north, and unincorporated San Diego County on the east. It includes the neighborhoods of Fletcher Hills, Bostonia, and Rancho San Diego. The annual average precipitation is 19 inches (480 mm), nearly twice the average of San Diego, and similar to Pasadena and the San Francisco Bay Area.


In 2010, El Cajon had the highest poverty rate in San Diego County among adults, at 29.7%, and children, at 36.5%. As of the census of 2000, 94,869 people, 34,199 households, and 23,152 families were residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 42.9% White, 5.4% African American, 1.0% Native American, 2.8% Asian, 0.4%) Pacific Islander, 24.1% from other races, and 6.9%) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 31,542 persons (30.4%). In 2017, a spokesperson for the city of ElCajon estimated that 15,000 to 20,000 Chaldean Catholics live in theCity. The city has a large Iraqi immigrant population, consisting of both Arabs and Chaldeans. In 2010, the city had a median income of $35,566, and for a family was $40,045. In 2005, the median household income was $47,885, and when adjusted for inflation, it was $38,884. In 2012, it had an estimated 40,000 Iraqi Americans of different religious and ethnic groups. The first Gulf War prompted the first immigration to the U.S., and it continued due to the Persian Gulf War and the resulting conflict in Iraq. In 2013, it is estimated that an estimated 10,000 Iraqis are living in the City.


Until 2012, El Cajon was a general law city operating under a council-manager system. In June 2012, the voters adopted a city charter, changing its status to chartered city. The city is governed by a five-member city council, on which the mayor also sits. Starting in 2018, four councilmembers are elected from single-member districts and the mayor is elected at-large. The current mayor and city councilmembers include Mayor Bill Wells and City Councilmembers Gary Kendrick, Steve Goble, Phil Ortiz, and Michelle Metchel. The mayor is re-elected to a full four-year term in November 2014 and re- elected in November 2018. In the California State Legislature, ElCajon is in the 38th Senate District, represented by Democrat Catherine Blakespear, and in the 71st Assembly District,represented by Republican Randy Voepel. El Cajion is split between California's 50th congressional district and California's 53rd congressional district. The U.S. House of Representatives is represented by Republican Darrell Issa, and Democrat Sara Jacobs. The City Manager is Graham Mitchell, who has been in his position since 2008. The Mayor is elected to a four- year term, starting in November 2013. The vote of the council was 40; Wells recused himself. The Vote of the Council was 40, with Wells recusing himself, and Wells was elected to the full four year term as mayor in November2014. The Councilman of the Month for October is Mark Arabo, who had been serving as interim mayor, as the mayor.


The Parkway Plaza shopping mall is located in El Cajon. The city's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report says the top employers in the city are: the city's top employers are: Cajun National Bank and Cajuna National Bank. The top employer is Cajuan National Bank, according to the report. The most popular restaurant in the town is the El Rancho Mexican Restaurant and Bar, which is located at the Plaza de la Playa. The town has a reputation for being a good place to live and raise a family. It also has a good reputation for its quality of life. The best place to get a good night's sleep is in the middle of the night. The worst place to sleep is the early morning hours, which are the worst for the town's residents. It is also the worst time of the day to go to the bathroom, as the city has a lot to do to get ready for the day's work. It's also the best time to go shopping, as it's the only time of day when the city is open for business. The biggest employers are the top three employers in ElCajon: the City of Cajón, Cajonia and Cibola County. The largest employer is the city-owned Cajunta County Bank and Trust, which has the largest number of employees in the state. The number of jobs is the second-largest employer in the country, after the U.S. State of California.


Cajon Valley Union School District operates public elementary and middle schools. Grossmont Union High School District operating public high schools. Private schools (Preschool, middle school, and high school campuses) Private schools include Foothills Christian Schools. Colleges include Cuyamaca College, San Diego Christian College, and the Chaldean Catholic Church's Seminary of Mar Abba the Great. Public high schools include Chaparral High School, Grossmont High School and Steele Canyon High School. Public middle schools include Greenfield Middle School, Los Coches Creek Middle School and Montgomery Middle School. Private high school schools include Grossmont Middle College, Hilldale Middle and Hillcrest High Schools. Public elementary schools include Greenfield Elementary, Hill Canyon Middle and Hillsdale Middle. Private private schools include Hillsdale Elementary, Hillsdale High and Hillcliff High. Public public elementary schools: Greenfield, Hillcreek, Hilltop and Hilltop. Public private schools: Hillsdale, Hillclop, Hilltops, Hillside and Hillside. Public junior high schools: Hillcrist High, Hill Cliff and Hilldale High. Private public high school: Grossmont Junior High and High School; Grossmont Senior High. private private high school/private private high/private high/public high school; private private private school/Private high/high/private college/university: Gross Montessori, Hillmont, Hill Crest, Hillcliffe, Hillmount, Hill Ranch, Hillgrove, Hill Valley, Hillview, Hilltown, Hillton.

Places of interest

El Cajon's annual Mother Goose Parade has been held on the Sunday before Thanksgiving every year since 1946. It features more than 100 entries, including "motorized floats, marching bands and drill units, equestrians, clowns, performing artists, giant helium balloons, specialty vehicles, and Santa Claus" The city celebrates its diversity with a free family-friendly event called "America on Main Street" on a Saturday in May. 30% of the city's population are immigrants from Iraq, Somalia, Syria, Turkey, and other countries. The city's airports include Gillespie Field and Cuyamaca College's Butterfly Garden and Water Conservation Garden. It also has a number of tourist attractions, including the Parkway Plaza Mall, Sycuan Casino, Summers Past Farms, and the Water Conservation Gardens at Cuymaca College. The town is located on the San Diego River, which flows into the San Ysidro River. It has a population of 1.2 million, making it one of the largest cities in San Diego County. It is also the second-largest city in the state, after San Diego, with 1.3 million people. The population of San Diego City is 1.4 million, and it is the third-largest county in the U.S. behind San Francisco and Los Angeles. It was the site of the World War II-era Battle of the Bulge, which took place between 1941 and 1945. It's also the location of the first World War I-era air base, which was built in 1854.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in El Cajon, San Diego County, California = 5.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 75. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 70. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in El Cajon = 5.9 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 106,215 individuals with a median age of 33.2 age the population dropped by -0.49% in El Cajon, San Diego County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 7,300 residents per square mile of area (2,800/km²). There are average 2.74 people per household in the 33,496 households with an average household income of $46,105 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 14.20% of the available work force and has dropped -5.41% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 14.98%. The number of physicians in El Cajon per 100,000 population = 243.9.


The annual rainfall in El Cajon = 12.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 34. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 260. 87 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 42.3 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in El Cajon, San Diego County, California which are owned by the occupant = 39.30%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 36 years with median home cost = $224,730 and home appreciation of -9.24%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.35 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $7,082 per student. There are 19.6 students for each teacher in the school. 20446.99% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 9.59% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 4.58% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • El Cajon's population in San Diego County, California of 4,933 residents in 1900 has increased 21,53-fold to 106,215 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.16% female residents and 48.84% male residents live in El Cajon, San Diego County, California.

    As of 2020 in El Cajon, San Diego County, California are married and the remaining 47.80% are single population.

  • 28.3 minutes is the average time that residents in El Cajon require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    73.86% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.73% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 3.86% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.74% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in El Cajon, San Diego County, California, 39.30% are owner-occupied homes, another 57.58% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.13% are vacant.

  • The 42.69% of the population in El Cajon, San Diego County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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