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  •   State: 
    San Diego County
      County FIPS: 
    33°7′19″N 117°17′49″W
      Area total: 
    39.08 sq mi (101.21 km²)
      Area land: 
    37.77 sq mi (97.83 km²)
      Area water: 
    1.30 sq mi (3.38 km²)
    52 ft (16 m)
    Incorporated July 16, 1952
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, CA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Carlsbad, San Diego County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    3,038.02 residents per square mile of area (1,172.91/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Carlsbad is a coastal city in the North County region of San Diego County, California, United States. The city is 87 miles (140 km) south of downtown Los Angeles and 35 miles (56 km) north of downtown San Diego. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 114,746. Carlsbad is home to the nation's largest desalination plant. In March 1999, Legoland California was opened. It was the first Legoland theme park outside of Europe and is currently operated by Merlin Entertainments. The single-runway Palomar Airport opened in 1959. The airport was annexed to the City of CarlsBad in 1978 and renamed McClellan-Palomar airport in 1982 after a local civic leader, GeraldMcClellan. The first modern skateboard park, Carls Bad Skatepark, was built in March 1976 and was designed and built by inventors Jack Graham and John O'Malley. The site of the original carlsbad Skate park and Carls bad Raceway was demolished in 2005 and is now an industrial park. The Encina Power Station is currently being demolished, despite efforts to preserve it as a historical landmark. The white-sand beaches and mild climate attract vacationers year-round. The majority of the majority of CarLSbad's land is contained within three lagoons and one lake, the northern area of which is part of a tri-city area consisting of northern, southern and western Oceanside.


Carlsbad is the primary city name, but also La Costa are acceptable city names or spellings, Rancho La Costa on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. Carlsbad's history began with the Luiseño people (the Spanish name given to them because of their proximity to Mission San Luis Rey), as well as some Kumeyaay in the La Costa area. Nearly every reliable fresh water creek had at least one native village, including one called Palamai. The first European land exploration of Alta California, the Spanish Portolá expedition of 1769, met native villagers while camped on Buena Vista Creek. In 1952, Carlsbad was incorporated to avoid annexation by its neighbor, Oceanside. In March 1999, Legoland California was opened. It was the first Legoland theme park outside of Europe and is currently operated by Merlin Entertainments. The Encina Power Station is currently being demolished, despite efforts to preserve it as a historical landmark. The city is home to the nation's largest desalination plant, which was completed in December 2015. The single-runway Palomar Airport opened in 1959 after County of San Diego officials decided to replace the Del Mar Airport. The airport was annexed to the City of CarlsBad in 1978 and renamed McClellan-Palomar airport in 1982 after a local civic leader, Gerald McClellan. The site of John Frazier's original well can still be found at Alt Karlsbad, a replica of a German Hanseatic house, located on Carls bad Boulevard. It is located on the grounds of Carlbad Raceway and was built by inventors Jack Graham and John O'Malley.


Carlsbad has a semi-arid Mediterranean climate (Koppen classification BSh) and averages 263 sunny days per year. Winters are mild with periodic rain. Summer is almost rain free, but overcast and cool with fog off the Pacific. While most days have mild and pleasant temperatures, hot dry Santa Ana winds bring high temperatures on a few days each year, mostly in the fall. Carlsbad is divided into four distinct quadrants. The northwest quadrant of the city includes the downtown "Village", "The Barrio", and "Olde Carls bad" The southeast quadrant (ZIP code 92009) is located east of El Camino Real and south of Palomar Airport Road and features several newer expensive master-planned communities set among hills. The southwest quadrant includes the Avi Avi Resort and Spa, which is home to the Hyatt Avara Park and Spa. The northeast quadrant also contains the Lake Calavera Nature Preserve, a 110-acre space containing a 513-foot extinct volcano known as Mount Calaversa. The city is part of the Encinitas Unified School District and the San Marcos School District. It is located along the Pacific Ocean along the south coast of the San Diego County coast. It was settled by Latinos in the early 20th century, and is the site of the Centro de Aprendizaje, a Spanish division of the CarlsBad City Library. In 2011, the city gave its La Costa Valley name to its Gold Medal Golf Resort, now known as the La Costa Resort.


As of the 2010 United States Census Carlsbad had a population of 105,328. The racial makeup of the city was 87,205 (82.8%) White, 1,379 (1.3%) African American, 514 (0.5%) Native American, 7,460 (7.1%) Asian, 198 (0,2%) Pacific Islander, 4,189 (4.0%) from other races, and 4,383 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,988 persons (13.3%). In 2011, the median household income was US$85,743. Males had a median income of US$80,590 versus US$54,159 for females. About 6.8% of families and 8.4% of the population reported income below the poverty line. Of the population 25 years and over, 95.7% graduated from high school and 51.3% held a bachelor's degree or higher. The city is part of the San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was spread out, with 25,366 people under the age of 18, 6,718 people (6.4%) aged 18 to 24, 28,073 people (26.7%) aged 25 to 44, 30,373 people (28.8%). The median age was 40.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males.


In 2008, Carlsbad voters passed a measure to become a charter city. In July 2017, the city council voted to transition to district elections (except for the mayoral office, which remains an at-large position). Elections for Districts 1 and 3 were held in 2018, and in 2020, elections were held for the remaining Districts 2 and 4. The city has drafted ordinances protecting sensitive wildlife habitat, becoming one of the first municipalities in California to do so. Carlsbad was a powerfully Republican stronghold during the 20th century, a classic bastion of suburban conservatism in Southern California. In 2008, Barack Obama, then the Democratic nominee for President, carried the city with a plurality. In 2012, Mitt Romney, the GOP nominee, carried it by a 9% margin. In 2016, theCity flipped back to the Democratic Party, voting for Hillary Clinton by a 10.4% margin over Donald Trump. Joe Biden expanded that margin to 17.6% over Trump in 2020. In the U.S. House of Representatives, Cartsbad is in California's 49th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mike Levin. In California's 36th Senate District, Carksbad is represented by Republican Janet Nguyen, and the 76th Assembly District, by Democrat Tasha Boerner Horvath. In 2018, the City Council voted 41 to back the federal government's lawsuit against California sanctuary state law SB 54. The City has also pledged to protect about 40 percent of the city as permanent open space.


Carlsbad is also known as the "Titanium Valley" because of its golf manufacturing industry. In 2013, Google named Carlsbad the digital capital of California with the strongest online business community. Callaway Golf Company, TaylorMade-adidas Golf Company, Cobra Golf, Titleist, and Odyssey Golf are all located in CarlsBad. According to 2021 figures, the top employers in the city are: Callaway, Taylor-Made, Cobra, and Titleist. The city is also home to a number of other major companies, such as Apple, Facebook, and Google. The town is located on the San Diego River, which runs through the center of the city. It is also the birthplace of the San Francisco Giants football team, which won the World Series of football in 1986. The San Diego Chargers football team won the Super Bowl in 1988. The Los Angeles Raiders won the Stanley Cup in 1991 and 1992, and the Los Angeles Lakers won the NBA Finals in 1998. The California Golden Gate Bridge was built in the early 1990s. The City of San Diego is home to the California Institute of Technology, which was founded in 1891. The University of California, San Diego has a campus that opened in 1894. The campus is located in the heart of the town and is known as "Carl'sbad" It is the largest college campus in California. The downtown area is known for its restaurants, bars, nightclubs, and other nightlife. It also has a reputation for being a great place to live.


Carlsbad Unified School District-for Elementary schools South of Carlsbad. San Dieguito Union High School District -for Junior High and High schools in South Carls Bad. San Marcos Unified School district-for schools in southeast Carls bad. Public High: La Costa Canyon High School; Sage Creek High School. Public Intermediate: Aviara Oaks Middle School; Calavera Hills Middle School. Private Schools: Army and Navy Academy: College Prep Middle and High School and The Academy by the Sea: Camp Pacific and Nautical Oceanside Achievement School. public elementary: CarlsBad Seaside Academy (Independent Study) public elementary. public middle school: Valley Middle School public intermediate. public high: La Costa Canyon high School public high school public middle/high school public high. private schools: Carlsbad Christian Academy, Palisades Point Christian Academy and The Academy by the Sea, Nautical Oceanside, St. Patrick School, The Academy by the Sea and Army and Navy Academy for high school and college students. Public middle school and high school :  La Costa Canyon high school, Sage Creek high school and La costa canyon middle school. Public high school: La Coste Canyon high school public intermediate, LaCoste Canyon high School public middle schools public high schools public intermediate, high.

Public libraries

Carlsbad City Library (three branches) is located in the town's downtown area. The library is open seven days a week and has three branches. The city also has a public library in the nearby town of Carlsbad.

Sister cities

Carlsbad's sister cities are: Futtsu, Chiba, Japan; Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic; and Karlovy-Vary, the Czech Republic. Carlsbad also has a sister city in the city of Karlsbad, Germany. The town is twinned with several other cities around the world, including Chiba in Japan and Prague in Czechoslovakia. The city also has sister cities in Germany, Switzerland, and the United States. It also has twin cities in the Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, France, and Italy. It is sister to the town of Chiba on the island of Honshu, in Japan, and to Karlovy Vary on the Czechoslovakian island of Vary in the Republic of Czech Roughly 1,500 miles (2,400 km) to the south of the city. It has also sister cities with other countries in Europe and Asia, such as Futtsu and Karlovy vary in Germany and Copenhagen in the Czech Republic, as well as Karlsbad in the United States and Chiba on the island of Honshu in Japan.CarlsBad's sister city is also sister to Chiba in Japan and Kochu in the Japanese city of Fukushima on the island of Hokkaido in the East coast.


The town of Carlsbad, California is home to a number of tourist attractions. The town is known for its beaches, golf courses, museums and open space. It is also known as the birthplace of the California Gold Rush in the 1800s. The city is located in the foothills of the Santa Catalina Mountains, which can be seen from the top of the San Francisco Peaks. The San Francisco Bay Area is also home to the San Franciso River, which runs through the town. It was also the site of the Gold Rush, when the first gold mine was discovered in 1849. The area is also famous for its wildflowers, which were first discovered in the 17th century. It has since been known to host the world's largest aquarium, the Sea Life Aquarium at Legoland California, as well as other tourist attractions such as Disneyland and the San Diego Zoo. It also has its own golf course, the Aviara Golf Academy, and a golf resort, the La Costa Resort and Spa, which is located on the shores of Lake Calavera. It's also the home of the Carls Bad Golf Club, which was founded in the early 1900s, and is known as "the birthplace of golf" in the U.S. and the "birthplace of the golfer" of the American game. The club is located at the base of the Calfornia Peaks, which are also known for their wild flowers, including the Agua Hedionda Lagoon and the Batiquitos Lagoon.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Carlsbad, San Diego County, California = 5.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 76. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 70. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Carlsbad = 5.9 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 114,746 individuals with a median age of 40.2 age the population grows by 27.25% in Carlsbad, San Diego County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 3,038.02 residents per square mile of area (1,172.91/km²). There are average 2.48 people per household in the 39,868 households with an average household income of $87,881 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.00% of the available work force and has dropped -5.41% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.18%. The number of physicians in Carlsbad per 100,000 population = 243.9.


The annual rainfall in Carlsbad = 10.3 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 35. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 263. 72 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 44.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Carlsbad, San Diego County, California which are owned by the occupant = 63.86%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 21 years with median home cost = $508,360 and home appreciation of -9.84%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.35 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,591 per student. There are 22 students for each teacher in the school, 4057 students for each Librarian and 1110 students for each Counselor. 8.06% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 30.09% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 16.40% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Carlsbad's population in San Diego County, California of 1,050 residents in 1900 has increased 109,28-fold to 114,746 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.27% female residents and 48.73% male residents live in Carlsbad, San Diego County, California.

    As of 2020 in Carlsbad, San Diego County, California are married and the remaining 39.60% are single population.

  • 30.6 minutes is the average time that residents in Carlsbad require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    78.47% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.10% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 2.01% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 8.55% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Carlsbad, San Diego County, California, 63.86% are owner-occupied homes, another 28.45% are rented apartments, and the remaining 7.69% are vacant.

  • The 42.69% of the population in Carlsbad, San Diego County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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