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Los Angeles

  •   State: 
    Los Angeles County
    Los Angeles
      County FIPS: 
    34°03′N 118°15′W
      Area total: 
    501.55 sq mi (1,299.01 km²)
      Area land: 
    469.49 sq mi (1,215.97 km²)
      Area water: 
    32.06 sq mi (83.04 km²)
    305 ft (93 m)
    1835; Incorporated April 4, 1850
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    8,304.22 residents per square mile of area (3,206.29/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Los Angeles (US: (listen) lawss AN-jl-s; Spanish: Los Ángeles [los axeles], lit. 'The Angels'), often referred to by its initials L.A., is the largest city in the state of California and the second most populous city after New York City. It covers about 469 square miles (1,210 km²) and is the seat of Los Angeles County, which is the most populous county in the United States with an estimated 9.86 million as of 2022. The city was founded on September 4, 1781, under Spanish governor Felipe de Neve, on the village of Yaanga. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the 2028 Summer Olympics. In 2018, the Los Angeles metropolitan area had a gross metropolitan product of over $1.0 trillion, making it the city with the third-largest GDP in the world. It also has the busiest container port in the Americas. The local English pronunciation of the name of the city has varied over time.Since the 1930s, has been most common. This was also endorsed in 1952 by a "jury" appointed by Mayor Fletcher Bowron to devise an official pronunciation. The original settlement is disputed and is known as "Los Pladores" or "The Queen of the Angels" The original name is disputed; the original settlement of El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora de Our Lady of the Queen of Angels is believed to have been founded in 1781.

Pronunciation of the name

Los Angeles is the primary city name, but also Baldwin Hills, Leimert Park, View Park are acceptable city names or spellings, Crenshaw on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. Since the 1930s, has been most common. In 1934, the United States Board on Geographic Names decreed that this pronunciation be used. This was also endorsed in 1952 by a "jury" appointed by Mayor Fletcher Bowron to devise an official pronunciation. In 1908, librarian Charles Fletcher Lummis, who argued for the name's pronunciation with a hard g, reported that there were at least 12 pronunciation variants. In the early 1900s, the Los Angeles Times advocated for pronouncing it Loce AHNG-hayl-ais, approximating Spanish [los axeles], by printing the respelling under its masthead for several years. This did not find favor. Since the 1880s the pronunciation lohss ANG-gl-s emerged out of a trend in California to give places Spanish, or Spanish-sounding, names and pronunciations. The pronunciation lawss AN-jl-s was established following the 1850 incorporation of the city and was most common until the 1950s, when it was adopted by the U.S. Board of Geographic Names. In 1952, a jury was appointed by the mayor to devise a pronunciation for the city's name. The jury's decision was made to use the pronunciation of lawss AN-l-s, which has been in use ever since. It is the most common pronunciation of the name of Los Angeles, followed by lawss A-s-L-S-E-S and lawss L-A-S.


Los Angeles was settled by the Tongva (Gabrieleño) and Chumash tribes. In 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo (town) they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles, 'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels' In 1846, during the wider Mexican-American war, marines from the Mexican militias fought the siege of Los Angeles where 150 Mexican militias which eventually surrendered. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000, putting pressure on the city's water supply. By 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. The present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic archdiocese in the United States. The original name of the settlement is disputed; the Guinness Book of World Records rendered it as "El Puebla de Nuestro Áñora de los Porciúncula"; other sources have shortened or alternate versions of the longer name. Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the U.S. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones. In 1910, Hollywood merged into Los Angeles, and the city became a suburb of the larger city. In 1916, the city created a comprehensive comprehensive zoning ordinance.


Los Angeles is both flat and hilly. The highest point in the city proper is Mount Lukens at 5,074 ft (1,547 m) The city is subject to earthquakes because of its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire. The strike-slip San Andreas Fault system, which sits at the boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, passes through the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The last major earthquake was the 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake. Parts of the city are vulnerable to tsunamis from waves from the Aleutian Islands in 1946, Valdivia earthquake in 1960, Alaska earthquake in 1964, Chile earthquake in 2010 and Japan earthquake in 2011. The official tree of Los Angeles is the Coral Tree (Erythrina caffra) and the official flower is the Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia reginae). Mexican Fan Palms, Canary Island Palms and Queen Palms are common in the area, although only the last is native to California, though still not native to the City of LA. The city's street patterns generally follow a uniform grid plan, with uniform block lengths and occasional cut blocks for each block. However, this is complicated by rugged terrain, which has necessitated having different grids for each neighborhood. These neighborhoods are well-defined enough that the city has nearly all signage which marks nearly all of them nearly every street. The Los Angeles River, which is largely seasonal, is the primary drainage channel. It was straightened and lined in 51 miles (82 km) of concrete by the Army Corps of Engineers to act as a flood control channel.


The 2010 U.S. census reported Los Angeles had a population of 3,792,621. Non-Hispanic Whites were 28.7% of the population in 2010, compared to 86.3% in 1940. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1,838,822 persons (48.5%). Los Angeles is home to people from more than 140 countries speaking 224 different identified languages. Ethnic enclaves like Chinatown, Historic Filipinotown, Koreatown, Little Armenia, Little Ethiopia, Tehrangeles, Little Tokyo, Little Bangladesh, and Thai Town provide examples of the polyglot character of Los Angeles. The largest Asian ethnic groups are Filipinos (3.2%) and Koreans (2.9%), which have their own established ethnic enclaves. Chinese people, which make up 1.8% of LA's population, reside mostly outside of the city limits and rather in the San Gabriel Valley of eastern Los Angeles County, but make a sizable presence in the city, notably in Chinatown. African Americans have been the predominant ethnic group in South Los Angeles, which has emerged as the largest African American community in the western United States since the 1960s. The city is also home to Armenians, Assyrians, Iranians and Iranians, many of whom live in enclaves in the Central Los Angeles region. The highest concentration of African Americans include Crenshaw, Baldwin Hills, Baldwin Park, Leimert Park, Manchester Square, Manchester Park, and Watts.


The economy of Los Angeles is driven by international trade, entertainment (television, motion pictures, video games, music recording, and production), aerospace, technology, petroleum, fashion, apparel, and tourism. In the 2017 Global Financial Centres Index, Los Angeles was ranked as having the 19th most competitive financial center in the world. One of the five major film studios, Paramount Pictures, is within the city limits, its location being part of the so-called "Thirty-Mile Zone" of entertainment headquarters in Southern California. Los Angeles has been classified an "alpha world city" according to a 2012 study by a group at Loughborough University. The Department of Cannabis Regulation enforces cannabis legislation after the legalization of the sale and distribution of cannabis in 2016. As of October 2019, more than 300 existing cannabis businesses (both retailers and their suppliers) have been granted approval to operate in what is considered the nation's largest market. The Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of over $1.0 trillion (as of 2018), making it the third-largest economic metropolitan area in the World after Tokyo and New York. Los LA is home to three Fortune 500 companies: AECOM, CBRE Group, and Reliance Steel & Aluminum Co. Other companies headquartered in Los Angeles and the surrounding metropolitan area include The Aerospace Corporation, California Pizza Kitchen, Capital Group Companies, Deluxe Entertainment Services Group, Dine Brands Global, DreamWorks Animation, Dollar Shave Club, Fandango Media, and Trader Joe's.

Arts and culture

There are 841 museums and art galleries in Los Angeles County, more museums per capita than any other city in the U.S. The city's food culture is a fusion of global cuisine brought on by the city's rich immigrant history and population. As of 2022, the Michelin Guide recognized 10 restaurants granting 2 restaurants two stars and eight restaurants one star. Los Angeles is the site of the USC School of Cinematic Arts which is the oldest film school in the United States. The Los Angeles Music Center is "one of the three largest performing arts centers in the nation", with more than 1.3 million visitors per year. The Hollywood Sign, Walt Disney Concert Hall, Capitol Records Building, the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, and the Griffith Observatory are important landmarks in the city. The L.A. Public Library system operates 72 public libraries in the City. The Venice Canal Historic District and boardwalk, Theme Building, Bradbury Building, Hollywood Boulevard, Los Angeles City Hall, Hollywood Bowl, battleship USS Iowa, Watts Towers, Staples Center, Dodger Stadium, and Olvera Street are also important landmarks. The Santa Monica Beach Boardwalk is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country. The Griffith Observatory is the world's largest observatory, with a collection of more than 2,000 historic buildings. The Getty Center is the largest art museum in the Western United States, and is part of the J. Paul Getty Trust, the world’s wealthiest art institution.


The city of Los Angeles and its metropolitan area are the home of eleven top-level professional sports teams. Los Angeles is the second-largest city in the United States but hosted no NFL team between 1995 and 2015. The city has twice hosted the Summer Olympic Games: in 1932 and in 1984, and will host the games for a third time in 2028. The Forum, SoFi Stadium, Dignity Health Sports Park, the Rose Bowl, Angel Stadium, and the Honda Center are also in adjacent cities and cities in Los Angeles's metropolitan area. The UCLA Bruins and the USC Trojans in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) are Division I teams in the Pac-12 Conference, but will soon be moved to the Big Ten Conference. The Los Angeles Kings and Anaheim Ducks of the National Hockey League (NHL), the Los Angeles Galaxy and Los Angeles FC of Major League Soccer (MLS) are among the other teams based in the city. Los Los Angeles will be one of eleven US host cities for the 2026 FIFA World Cup with matches set to be held at So Fi Stadium. The Rose Bowl also hosts an annual and highly prestigious NCAA college football game called the Rosebowl, which happens every New Year's Day. Los LA is one of six North American cities to have won championships in all five of its major leagues (MLB, NFL, NHL, MLS, and MLS), completing the feat with the Kings' 2012 Stanley Cup title. The LA Lakers, Los Angeles Clippers, and LA Sparks of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) are also among the teams that play in neighboring communities but use the city's name.


Los Angeles is a charter city as opposed to a general law city. The current charter was adopted on June 8, 1999, and has been amended many times. The elected government consists of the Los Angeles City Council and the mayor of Los Angeles, which operate under a mayorcouncil government. There are 15 city council districts. In the California State Assembly, Los Angeles is split between fourteen districts, and in the United States House of Representatives, it is split among ten congressional districts. The city has many departments and appointed officers, including the LAPD, the Board of Police Commissioners, and the Housing Authority of the City of L.A. (HACLA) The Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT) also has a branch of the city library, the LAPL, which is located in downtown Los Angeles. The mayor is Karen Bass, and there are about 90 neighborhood councils. The neighborhood councils are relatively autonomous and spontaneous in that they identify their own boundaries, establish their own bylaws, and elect their own officers. Residents elect supervisors for the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th supervisorial districts, as well as the city attorney, a county office, and controller. There is a city council district for the city's first district, and a city district for its second district, for the third and fourth districts, for a total of 15 city districts for Los Angeles to represent. The U.S. State Assembly has 14 districts, while the state Senate has eight districts.


There are three public universities within the city limits: California State University, Los Angeles (CSULA), California State. University, Northridge (CSUN) and University of California, LA (UCLA) The community college system consists of nine campuses governed by the trustees of the Los Angeles Community College District. The Claremont Colleges consortium includes the most selective liberal arts colleges in the U.S. and the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), one of the top STEM-focused research institutions in the world. Los Angeles Unified School District serves almost all of the city of Los Angeles, as well as several surrounding communities, with a student population around 800,000. LAUSD has become known for its underfunded, overcrowded and poorly maintained campuses, although its 162 Magnet schools help compete with local private schools. The Los Angeles County Office of Education operates the LA County High School for the Arts. There are numerous additional colleges and universities outside the Greater Los Angeles area, including the Claremont colleges consortium, which includes the top liberal arts college in the United States, and the Caltech consortium, among other institutions. The city has a population of around 1.2 million people, and has a per-capita income of $50,000 to $100,000 per year. The average household income in Los Angeles is around $60,000, and a per capita income is about $70,000 or $80,000 in some parts of the greater Los Angeles region. The median household income is $62,000; the average household wealth is $74,500.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California = 1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 52. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Los Angeles = 6.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 3,898,747 individuals with a median age of 34.7 age the population grows by 6.85% in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 8,304.22 residents per square mile of area (3,206.29/km²). There are average 2.87 people per household in the 1,343,425 households with an average household income of $46,393 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 13.90% of the available work force and has dropped -6.24% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 13.62%. The number of physicians in Los Angeles per 100,000 population = 213.2.


The annual rainfall in Los Angeles = 18.1 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 26. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 284. 77 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 49.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California which are owned by the occupant = 36.46%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 46 years with median home cost = $400,360 and home appreciation of -14.02%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.73 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,843 per student. There are 21.6 students for each teacher in the school, 4412 students for each Librarian and 733 students for each Counselor. 5.27% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 16.03% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.77% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Los Angeles's population in Los Angeles County, California of 102,479 residents in 1900 has increased 38,04-fold to 3,898,747 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.04% female residents and 49.96% male residents live in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California.

    As of 2020 in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California are married and the remaining 50.72% are single population.

  • 31.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Los Angeles require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    64.90% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.90% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 10.37% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 4.02% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California, 36.46% are owner-occupied homes, another 59.41% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.12% are vacant.

  • The 56.73% of the population in Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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