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Hayward, California

  •   State: 
    Alameda County
      County FIPS: 
    37°40′08″N 122°04′51″W
      Area total: 
    64.06 sq mi
      Area land: 
    45.77 sq mi (118.56 km²)
      Area water: 
    18.29 sq mi (47.36 km²)
    105 ft (32 m)
    1876; Incorporated March 11, 1876
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    San Francisco-Oakland-Berkeley, CA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Hayward, Alameda County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,500 residents per square mile of area (980/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Hayward is a city in Alameda County, California in the East Bay subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area. It is located between Castro Valley, San Leandro and Union City. The city was devastated early in its history by the 1868 Hayward earthquake. From the early 20th century until the beginning of the 1980s, Hayward's economy was dominated by its now defunct food canning and salt production industries. The first San MateoHayward Bridge opened in 1929, connecting the city to the city of San Francisco. It was named for William Dutton Hayward, who opened a hotel there in 1852. The U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System states the city was named after Alvinza Hayward, a millionaire from the California Gold Rush. In 1876, a town was chartered by the State of California under the name of "Haywards". The name of the post office was then able to change because of the loss of the apostrophe before the "s" This change occurred in 1880. It remained "Hayward" until 1910 when the "S" was officially dropped. In 1930, that site was chosen for the construction of the City Hall, which served the city until 1969. During the 1930s, the Harry Rowell Rodeo Ranch, now within the bounds of Hayward, drew cowboys from across the continent and movie actors such as Slim Pickens and Pickens. The town is located on the Hayward Fault, the last major earthquake on the fault.


Hayward was originally known as "Hayward's", then "Haywood" when the post office was first established in 1860. Most historians believe it was named for William Dutton Hayward, who opened a hotel there in 1852. The U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System states the city was named after Alvinza Hayward, a millionaire from the California Gold Rush. In 1876, a town was chartered by the State of California under the name of "Haywards". The name was then able to change because of the loss of the apostrophe before the "s". This change occurred in 1880. It remained "Hayfully" until 1910 when the "S" was officially dropped. The first San MateoHayward Bridge opened in 1929, connecting the city to the San Francisco Peninsula. The city's City Hall was destroyed in the 1868 Hayward earthquake, with the Hayward Fault running directly under its location. In 1930, that site was chosen for the construction of the City Hall, which served the city until 1969. The City Center Building opened in 1969 and acted as the new city hall until 1989 when the Loma Prieta earthquake damaged the building. The Hayward Hills Mall was dedicated in 1964 and the Southward Bridge in 1964. The California State University, Hayward District was formed in 1944, and Hayward Hills Park opened in 1957 in the Hayward Hills area of the city. The most recent pre-European inhabitants of the Hayward area were the Native American Ohlone people. In the 19th century, the land that is now Hayward became part of Rancho San Lorenzo.

Former communities

Mount Eden was a former city that was incorporated into Hayward in the 1950s, at the same time as Schafer Park. Russell City Energy Center, a 429-megawatt natural gas-fired power plant built by Calpine, is located there. Stokes Landing, Hayward Heath, and Eden Landing were communities now within Hayward city limits. It existed from 1853 until 1964, and is now the location of an industrial park. It is now part of the city of Hayward, California. It was once known as Russell City, but was incorporated as Mount Eden in 1950. It has a population of about 2,000, and was once an unincorporated community. The city is now home to a large industrial park, including a natural gas power plant. It also has a large airport, which was once called Russell City Airport, which is now known as the Russell City International Airport. It once had an airport, but has since been renamed the Hayward International Airport, with an airport that is now within the city limits of Hayward. It used to be known as Russell City, before becoming Russell City. It now has an airport with a runway that runs through the center of the town. It previously had a airport that was part of Russell City; it is now a part of Hayward; and it was once the site of a major airfield. The airport is now called Hayward International, and the city's airport is known as Hayward Heath. It formerly had an international airport; it now has a international airport, as well.


The Hayward Fault Zone runs through much of Hayward, including the downtown area. The United States Geological Survey has stated that there is an "increasing likelihood" of a major earthquake on this fault zone. The cities bordering on Hayward are San Leandro, Union City, Fremont, and Pleasanton. The census-designated places bordering on the city are Castro Valley, San Lorenzo, Cherryland, Sunol, and Fairview. Hayward has a Mediterranean climate, and contains microclimates, both of which are features of the greater Bay Area. In 2012, the USDA rated Hayward as a zone 10A climate. The city has a total area of 63.7 square miles (165 km²), of which 45.3 sq miles (117 km²) is land and 18.4sq miles (48km²) of it (comprising 28.9%) is water. San Lorenzo Creek runs through the city, and is a major source of water for the city. The U.S. Geological Survey says there is "an increasing likelihood" that Hayward will be hit by an earthquake in the next 50 years. The fault zone is located in the San Francisco Bay Area, near the city's downtown area and the San Jose-Fremont area, near San Francisco International Airport, and near San Jose's San Jose International Airport. It is located on the Hayward River, which flows through the center of the city and runs through San Francisco and San Francisco. The Hayward River is a tributary of the San Franciso River.


The 2010 U.S. Census reported that Hayward had a population of 144,186. The census determined racial and ethnic makeup of Hayward was 49,309 (34.2%) White, 17,099 (11.9%) African American, 1,396 (1.0%) Native American, 31,666 (22.0) Asian (10.4% Filipino, 3.9% Chinese), 4,535 (3.1%) Pacific Islander, 30,004 (20.8%) from other races, and 10,177 (7.1) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 58,730 persons (40.7%), giving Hayward an aggregate Hispanic/Latino plurality population of 30.2%. Hayward is the second most diverse city in the state by Census figures. It has been ranked nationwide as highly diverse, in combination with Oakland and Fremont. The city's age demographics were 35,379 people under the age of 18, 16,064 people aged 18 to 24, 44,005 people (30.5%) aged 25 to 44, 34,096 people (23.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 14,642 people (10,2%) who were 65 years of age or older. There were 48,296 housing units at an average density of 757.6 per square mile (292.5/km²), of which 45,365 were occupied, of which 23,935 were owner-occupied, and 21,430 (47.2) were occupied by renters. About 75,039 people (52.0% of the population) lived inOwner-occupied housing units and 66,423 people (46. 1%) lived in rental housing units.


Hayward's mayor is Barbara Halliday, elected in June 2014. City Council and other government meetings are cablecast on cable TV channel KHRT-TV. The Hayward Hall of Justice, a branch of the California Superior Court, is the largest full-service courthouse in Alameda County. As of February 10, 2019, Hayward has 70,194 registered voters. Of those, 39,327 are registered Democrats, 6,960 are registered Republicans, and 21,104 (30.1%) have declined to state a political party. The city received an "AA" rating for its general obligations, from the Fitch Group in 2012. In July 2012, Hayward began working on an updated 25-year General Plan, which was adopted on July 1, 2014. Hayward's General Plan was last updated in 2002, and the city last updated their General Plan in 2002. The City of Hayward has a councilmanager government, and is governed by a mayor and a council. The mayor and council are elected for a four-year term, with the mayor serving a two-year terms limit. The council has a mayor-council ratio of 50-to-one, with a mayor in charge of the council for a maximum of two years. The current mayor-elect is BarbaraHalliday, who was elected on June 14, 2014, and was inaugurated on June 15, 2014; the city has a city council-manager government for a three-year period, with an average of seven members.


Hayward has a large number of manufacturing companies, both corporate headquarters and plants. Manufacturing plants in Hayward include Annabelle Candy, Columbus Salame, the Shasta soft drink company, and a PepsiCo production and distribution center. The economy of Hayward in the first half of the twentieth century was based largely on the Hunt Brothers Cannery. The cannery was opened in Hayward in 1895 by brothers William and Joseph Hunt, who were fruit packers originally from Sebastopol, California. The air around Hayward was permeated by the smell of tomatoes for three months of each year, during the canning season. Much of the Bay coastal territory of Hayward was turned into salt ponds, with Oliver Salt and Leslie Salt operating there. A 1983 image of the ponds appears on a 2012 U.S. postage stamp. The Mervyns department store chain was headquartered in Hayward until it declared bankruptcy in 2008. The top employers in the city were (in alphabetical order): Gillig Corporation, Pacific Bell, Mervy's, and Southland Mall. Two businesses which had significant employment in fiscal year 2006, Mernyns (1,300) and Pacific Bell (940), no longer operate in Hayward. The city is considered part of a northern extension of Silicon Valley, with some high-tech companies based in Hayward and Livermore. It is located on the California Bay, which was once part of the San Francisco Bay Area. It has a population of about 3,000. The largest shopping center in Hayward is the Southland mall.


Hayward maintains the Hayward Fire Department (with nine stations) and the Hayward Police Department. Hayward has its own water and wastewater systems, but a small northern portion of the city's water is managed by the East Bay Municipal Utility District. The Hayward Public Library opened at the intersection of C Street and Mission Boulevard in 1951. In 2013, plans were under development to construct a $60 million library across the street from the existing building, with funding uncertain. BART operates a repair yard in Hayward, which provides bus service for Alameda County and Contra Costa County. Amtrak, the national rail passenger system, provides daily service at its Hayward station for the Capitol Corridor train, which runs between San Jose in the South Bay, and Auburn in the Greater Sacramento area. Four cemeteries are located in Hayward: Chapel of the Chimes, Mt. Eden Cemetery, Mount Saint Joseph Cemetery, and Holy Sepulchre Cemetery, the last two being Catholic cemetersies. A general aviation airport, the Hayward Executive Airport, was located at the airport in 1942, until being reassigned to Moffett Field in 1980. A Kaiser Permanente Medical Center closed in 2014, replaced by a San Leandro hospital. St. Rose Hospital, which was at risk of closure as of 2012, has one hospital with emergency departments, which opened in November 2015. The city has converted the A Street, Mission and Foothill triangle to one-way thoroughfares (counterclockwise), and is adding road improvements, landscaping, and telephone/cable undergrounding to Mission Boulevard.

Arts and culture

Hayward declared itself a nuclear-free zone, a largely symbolic act, in 1987. The city is the setting for the Hayward Gay Prom, one of the earliest and longest-running gay proms in the United States. The slang term "Hella", which has spread globally, is said to have its roots in Hayward, tracing back to the 1970s. Hayward has two sites in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP): the Green Shutter Hotel and Eden Congregational Church. Agapius Honcharenko's Ukraina Ranch is the only California Historical Landmark in the city. The Hayward Public Art Program created murals to beautify the city and combat graffiti, and won a League of California Cities Helen Putnam Award of Excellence in 2011. Many of Hayward's cultural landmarks and points of interest are in its downtown area, including Buffalo Bill's Brewery, Cinema Place, and the Hayward Area Historical Society museum. In 2015, Hayward introduced road signs in 2015 encouraging better behavior while walking or driving, using phrases like "It's a speed limit, not a suggestion". The city has three city hall buildings: Hayward City Hall; the City Center Building, an abandoned 11-story building and Hayward's second city hall; and the first city hall at Alex Giualini Plaza, whose architectural motifs form the current city logo. It has two movie theatres, one Hayward's two movie theatre, with associated murals and an art gallery. It also has a museum, which relocated and reopened in June 2014.

Parks and protected areas

Hayward has four parks administered by the East Bay Regional Park District. Eden Landing Ecological Reserve includes 600 acres (240 ha) of salt ponds set to be converted to tidal wetlands. Hayward is also home to the oldest Japanese garden in California designed along traditional lines. The 3.5-acre (1.4 ha) Japanese Gardens was dedicated in 1980. The Hayward Area Recreation and Park District (HARD) operates a number of parks and facilities, primarily in Hayward. HARD is the largest recreation district in California. It operates Kennedy Park, the Sulphur Creek Nature Center, the Hayward Shoreline Interpretive Center, and Memorial Park with the Hayward Plunge swim center. It is also the home of the Bay Area's largest swimming pool, the San Francisco Bay Pools and Aquatics Center, which is open to the public. The Bay Area has the largest number of beaches in the United States, with more than 2,000 acres (1,500 ha) available for swimming. It also has one of the world's largest parks, the Don Castro Regional Recreation Area, with over 1,500 acres (4,000 ha) for outdoor activities. The city's largest park is the Dry Creek Pioneer Regional Park, which has more than 1,200 acres (600 ha) and is administered by HARD. The East Bay regional park district also operates the Kennedy Park Nature Center and the SulPHur Creek nature center. The town's parks are located along the Hayward shoreline.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Hayward, Alameda County, California = 35.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 32. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 20. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Hayward = 5.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 162,954 individuals with a median age of 35 age the population grows by 2.23% in Hayward, Alameda County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,500 residents per square mile of area (980/km²). There are average 3.16 people per household in the 44,695 households with an average household income of $64,158 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 12.80% of the available work force and has dropped -5.07% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 17.06%. The number of physicians in Hayward per 100,000 population = 247.1.


The annual rainfall in Hayward = 18 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 61. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 257. 71 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 42 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 65, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Hayward, Alameda County, California which are owned by the occupant = 51.04%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 41 years with median home cost = $269,870 and home appreciation of -21.78%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.10 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,055 per student. There are 21 students for each teacher in the school, 1411 students for each Librarian and 1223 students for each Counselor. 6.68% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 14.48% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.55% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Hayward's population in Alameda County, California of 1,965 residents in 1900 has increased 82,93-fold to 162,954 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.20% female residents and 49.80% male residents live in Hayward, Alameda County, California.

    As of 2020 in Hayward, Alameda County, California are married and the remaining 46.82% are single population.

  • 34.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Hayward require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    69.11% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 18.17% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 6.79% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.87% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Hayward, Alameda County, California, 51.04% are owner-occupied homes, another 45.23% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.74% are vacant.

  • The 34.14% of the population in Hayward, Alameda County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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